• Filing Date: 2020-07-09
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
v3.20.2
White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility
6 Months Ended
May 31, 2020
White Eagle | Revolving Credit Facility  
Debt Instrument [Line Items]  
Credit Facility
White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility

Effective April 29, 2013, White Eagle entered into a 15-year revolving credit agreement with LNV Corporation, as initial lender, Imperial Finance & Trading, LLC, as servicer and portfolio manager and CLMG Corp., as administrative agent. Proceeds from the initial advance under the facility were used, in part, to retire a bridge facility and to fund a payment to the lender protection insurance provider to release subrogation rights in certain of the policies pledged as collateral for the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility. On May 16, 2014, White Eagle Asset Portfolio, LLC converted from a Delaware limited liability company to White Eagle Asset Portfolio, LP, a Delaware limited partnership (the "Conversion") and all of its ownership interests were transferred to an indirect, wholly-owned Irish subsidiary of the Company. In connection with the Conversion, the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility was amended and restated among White Eagle, as borrower, Imperial Finance and Trading, LLC, as the initial servicer, the initial portfolio manager and guarantor, Lamington Road Bermuda Ltd., as portfolio manager, LNV Corporation, as initial lender, the other financial institutions party thereto as lenders, and CLMG Corp., as administrative agent for the lenders. The White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility was amended on November 9, 2015, December 29, 2016 and January 31, 2017
 
General & Security. The White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility provides for an asset-based revolving credit facility backed by White Eagle’s portfolio of life insurance policies with an aggregate lender commitment of up to $370.0 million, subject to borrowing base availability.

Borrowing Base. Borrowing availability under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base, which at any time is equal to the lesser of (A) the sum of all of the following amounts that have been funded or are to be funded through the next distribution date: (i) the initial advance and all additional advances to acquire additional pledged policies that are not for ongoing maintenance advances, plus (ii) 100% of the sum of the ongoing maintenance costs, plus (iii) 100% of fees and expense deposits and other fees and expenses funded and to be funded as approved by the required lenders, less (iv)  any required payments of principal and interest previously distributed and to be distributed through the next distribution date; (B) 75% of the valuation of the policies pledged as collateral as determined by the lenders; (C) 50% of the aggregate face amount of the policies pledged as collateral (excluding certain specified life insurance policies); and (D) the then applicable facility limit.

Amortization & Distributions. Proceeds from the maturity of the policies pledged as collateral under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility are distributed pursuant to a waterfall. After distributions for premium payments, fees to service providers and payments of interest, a percentage of the collections from policy proceeds are to be paid to the Company, which will vary depending on the then LTV ratio as illustrated below where the valuation is determined by the lenders:
LTV
 
Premiums, Interest & Other Fees
 
Principal
 
Distribution to White Eagle - 55%
 
Lender Participation - 45%
N/A
 
100%
 
—%
 
—%
 
—%
>65%
 
N/A
 
100%
 
—%
 
—%
50-65%
 
N/A
 
70%
 
16.5%
 
13.5%
35-50%
 
N/A
 
55%
 
24.8%
 
20.3%
0-35%
 
N/A
 
45%
 
30.3%
 
24.8%


Provided that (i) if (a) the Company failed to maintain a cash interest coverage ratio of at least 2.0:1 at any time during the immediately preceding calendar quarter or (b) the Company fails to take steps to improve its solvency in a manner acceptable to the required lenders (as determined in their sole and absolute discretion), then the cash flow sweep percentage to the lenders shall equal one-hundred percent (100%) and (ii) if such distribution date occurs on or after December 29, 2025, then the cash flow sweep percentage shall equal one-hundred percent (100%).
 
The cash interest coverage ratio is the ratio of (i) consolidated cash and cash equivalents maintained by the Company to (ii) the aggregate interest amounts that will be due and payable in cash on (x) the $47.6 million 8.5% Senior Secured Notes due July 15, 2021 (and any notes issued by the Company or any of its Affiliates in connection with refinancing, replacing, substituting or any similar action with respect to any such notes), the $75.8 million 5.0% Convertible Notes due February 15, 2023 (and any notes issued by the Company or any of its Affiliates in connection with refinancing, replacing, substituting or any similar action with respect to any such notes), and the $1.2 million 8.5% Convertible Notes due February 15, 2019 which was fully repaid during the year ended November 30, 2019 (and any notes issued by the Company or any of its Affiliates in connection with refinancing, replacing, substituting or any similar action with respect to any such notes) and (y) any additional indebtedness issued by the Company after December 29, 2016, in each case, during the twelve month period following such date of determination. See Note 13, "8.50% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes", Note 14, "5.0% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes" and Note 15, "8.5% Senior Secured Notes", to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for further information.

With respect to approximately 25% of the face amount of policies pledged as collateral under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, White Eagle has agreed that if policy proceeds that are otherwise due are not paid by an insurance carrier, the foregoing distributions will be altered such that the lenders will receive any "catch-up" payments with respect to amounts that they would have received in the waterfall prior to distributions being made to White Eagle. During the continuance of events of default or unmatured events of default, the amounts from collections of policy proceeds that might otherwise be paid to White Eagle will instead be held in a designated account controlled by the lenders and may be applied to fund operating and third party expenses, interest and principal, "catch-up" payments or percentage payments that would go to the lenders as described above.

The below is a reconciliation of proceeds collected by the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility and distributed from the collection account in accordance with the budget approved by the Bankruptcy court and the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility termination agreement (in thousands):

 
Six Months Ended May 31, 2019
Collection account balance at December 1, 2018
$
28,059

Face value collected in current quarter
18,342

Face value collected in prior quarters
14,000

Other collections *
1,584

 
$
61,985

Expenses paid from the collection account Post-Petition


Premiums
$
(49,424
)
Interest paid in current quarter
(2,600
)
Interest paid in prior quarters
(2,400
)
White Eagle Credit Facility expenses
(4,340
)
Total payment
$
(58,764
)
 

Collection account balance at May 31, 2019
$
3,221

 
 

*Includes refund of premiums and interest earned on maturity proceeds

During the three months and six months ended May 31, 2019, advances for premium payments and fees to service providers amounted to (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended May 31,
 
Six Months Ended May 31,
 
 
2019
 
2019
Amount drawn for premium payments
 
$

 
$
4,221

Total amount drawn
 
$

 
$
4,221



Interest. Borrowings under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to LIBOR or, if LIBOR is unavailable, the base rate, in each case plus an applicable margin of 4.50%, which was increased from 4.00% pursuant to the November 9, 2015 amendment, and subject to a rate floor component equal to the greater of LIBOR (or the applicable rate) and 1.5%. The base rate under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility equals the sum of (i) the weighted average of the interest rates on overnight federal funds transactions or, if unavailable, the average of three federal funds quotations received by the Agent plus 0.75% and (ii) 0.5%. Based on the loan agreement, the LIBOR portion of the interest rate will re-adjust annually, once the floor has exceeded 1.5%. The applicable rate will be dependent on the rate at the last business day of the preceding calendar year. On December 31, 2018, the LIBOR floor increased from 2.11% to 3.01%. The effective rate at August 15, 2019 and August 31, 2018 was 9.51% and 6.61%, respectively. In the event that an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the interest rate will be equal to the sum of (i) the greater of (a) (1) LIBOR or, if LIBOR is unavailable, (2) the Base Rate and (b) one and a half percent (1.5%) plus (ii) six and a half percent (6.5%). Interest of approximately $2.6 million and $5.0 million was paid during the three months and six months ended May 31, 2019.

Maturity. Effective with the White Eagle Second Amendment, the term of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility expires December 31, 2031, which is also the scheduled commitment termination date (though the lenders’ commitments to fund borrowings may terminate earlier in an event of default). The lenders’ interests in and rights to a portion of the proceeds of the policies does not terminate with the repayment of the principal borrowed and interest accrued thereon, the termination of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility or expiration of the lenders’ commitments.

Covenants/Events of Defaults. The White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility contains covenants and events of default that are customary for asset-based credit agreements of this type, but also include cross defaults under the servicing, account control, contribution and pledge agreements entered into in connection with the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility (including in relation to breaches by third parties thereunder), certain changes in law, changes in control of or insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company and relevant subsidiary companies and performance of certain obligations by certain relevant subsidiary companies, White Eagle and third parties. Effective with the White Eagle Second Amendment, and as described above in "Amortization and Distributions", the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility contains a financial covenant requiring White Eagle to maintain a cash interest coverage ratio of at least 1.75:1 commencing after June 30, 2019. Failure to maintain this ratio for 60 consecutive days after June 30, 2019 constitutes an event of default. There is no cash interest coverage ratio requirement that would result in an event of default prior to this date; however, any failure to maintain a cash interest coverage ratio of at least 2.0:1 does impact the cash flow sweep percentage for proceeds distributed through the waterfall.

Remedies. The White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility and ancillary transaction documents afford the lenders a high degree of discretion in their selection and implementation of remedies, including strict foreclosure, in relation to any event of default, including a high degree of discretion in determining whether to foreclose upon and liquidate all or any pledged policies, the interests in White Eagle, and the manner of any such liquidation. White Eagle has limited ability to cure events of default through the sale of policies or the procurement of replacement financing.

The Company elected to account for the debt under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which includes the 45% interest in policy proceeds to the lender, using the fair value method. The fair value of the debt is the amount the Company would have to pay to transfer the debt to a market participant in an orderly transaction. The Company calculated the fair value of the debt using a discounted cash flow model taking into account the stated interest rate of the credit facility and probabilistic cash flows from the pledged policies. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, the Company’s estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company, or holders of the instruments, could realize in a current market exchange. The most significant assumptions are the estimates of life expectancy of the insured and the discount rate. The use of different assumptions and/or estimation methodologies could have a material effect on the estimated fair values.

Voluntary Petitions for Relief Under Chapter 11

On the Petition Date, Lamington and WEGP filed the November Chapter 11 Cases in the Bankruptcy Court. Lamington was the limited partner and owned 99.99%, and WEGP was the general partner and owned 0.01% of White Eagle. In its capacity as general partner, WEGP managed the affairs of White Eagle. The Lamington and WEGP filings are referred to as the "November Chapter 11 Cases."

The commencement of the November Chapter 11 Cases constitutes an event of default under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, resulting in the principal and accrued interest due from White Eagle thereunder becoming immediately due and payable. Lamington and WEGP have pledged their respective interests in White Eagle to secure its obligations under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility. Any efforts of CLMG to enforce such pledges by Lamington and WEGP of their respective interests in White Eagle in connection with the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility are automatically stayed as a result of the commencement of the November Chapter 11 Cases and LNV’s and CLMG’s rights of enforcement in respect of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility are subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code. In addition, on November 15, 2018, White Eagle, LNV and CLMG entered into an Agreement Regarding Rights and Remedies (the "Standstill Agreement"), pursuant to which LNV and CLMG agreed to refrain from exercising their rights and remedies in connection with the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, subject to the terms and provisions of the Standstill Agreement, until 12:00 p.m. noon Pacific time on November 26, 2018, to facilitate negotiations. The effective period under the Standstill Agreement was extended several times, finally to December 13, 2018. On September 16, 2019, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order and final decree closing the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case. The Lamington and WEGP Chapter 11 Cases were closed on November 25, 2019.

On December 13, 2018, White Eagle filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the Bankruptcy Court. The Chapter 11 case is being administered under case number 18-12808 (the "White Eagle Chapter 11 Case" and, together with the November Chapter 11 Cases, the "Chapter 11 Cases").

The commencement of the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case would constitute a default and event of default under the terms of the Amended and Restated Senior Note Indenture relating to the Company’s Amended and Restated Senior Secured Indenture and the New Convertible Note Indenture. However, such defaults and events of default and their consequences were waived in advance of the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case by holders of all of the outstanding principal amount of the 8.5% Senior Secured Notes and by holders of a majority of the outstanding principal amount of the outstanding New Convertible Notes, and consequently, the Company believes that no defaults, events of default or acceleration of the payment obligations thereunder, including principal or accrued interest, occurred under either the Company’s Amended and Restated Senior Secured Indenture or the New Convertible Note Indenture.

The commencement of the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case, together with the related Chapter 11 Cases, constitutes an event of default under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, resulting in the principal and accrued interest due from White Eagle thereunder becoming immediately due and payable. Lamington and WEGP have pledged their respective interests in White Eagle to secure its obligations under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility. Any efforts by LNV to enforce repayment by White Eagle and/or such pledges by Lamington and WEGP of their respective interests in White Eagle in connection with the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility are automatically stayed as a result of the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases and LNV’s and CLMG’s rights of enforcement in respect of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility are subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code. On September 16, 2019, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order and final decree closing the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case. The Lamington and WEGP Chapter 11 Cases were closed on November 25, 2019.

Deconsolidation and Subsequent Measurement of the Deconsolidated Entities

Lamington and its subsidiaries' (White Eagle, WEGP and Lamington Bermuda) financial results were excluded from the Company’s consolidated results for the period from November 14, 2018, the Petition Date, to August 16, 2019, the day the date the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility was terminated. ASC 810, Consolidation require that an entity whose financial statements were previously consolidated with those of its parent that files for protection under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, whether solvent or insolvent, generally must be prospectively deconsolidated from the parent and presented as an equity investment (deconsolidation applies to Lamington and all subsidiaries owned, directly or indirectly, by Lamington, including WEGP, White Eagle and Lamington Bermuda which collectively are referred to herein as the ("Deconsolidated Entities" or the "Debtors"). Therefore, our 2019 results are not comparable with our 2018 results. Under ASC 810, this loss of control would likely trigger a gain or loss for the parent as the parent would remeasure its retained noncontrolling investment at fair value each reporting period. We assessed the inherent uncertainties associated with the outcome of the Chapter 11 reorganization process and the anticipated duration thereof, and concluded that it was appropriate to deconsolidate Lamington and its subsidiaries effective on the Petition Date. Effective August 17, 2019, the entities were deemed to have emerged from bankruptcy and were no longer deconsolidated. See Note 2, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Reorganization and Consolidation" to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Beal Litigation

On January 25, 2019, the Company, White Eagle, Lamington, and WEGP (collectively the "Plaintiffs" filed the Suit against LNV, Silver Point and GWG the "Defendants") in the Bankruptcy Court where the Suit will be administered together with the previously filed Chapter 11 Cases. LNV, a subsidiary of Beal, is the lender under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility.

In the Suit, the Plaintiffs allege that the Defendants engaged in a scheme to coerce the Plaintiffs into selling their valuable portfolio of life insurance policies to defendants for well below its true value. Pursuant to the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, LNV agreed to lend $370 million to White Eagle, and in connection therewith received a 45% equity stake in White Eagle. That equity stake, and LNV’s significant control over White Eagle under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, creates a joint venture, and gives rise to fiduciary duties to White Eagle and Emergent, on the part of LNV. The Plaintiffs further allege that LNV has been engaged in a concerted campaign to "squeeze" White Eagle and Emergent by improperly restricting their cash flow, in the hopes that White Eagle and Emergent will have no choice but to sell the valuable policy portfolio to LNV or one of its proxies, including Silver Point and/or GWG, at below its true value.

In connection with the White Eagle Chapter 11 Case, on January 15, 2019, the Court authorized the Debtors to use the proceeds of pre-petition cash collateral for a period of twenty (20) weeks (the "Cash Collateral'), which allowance was extended in May 2019 for another nine (9) weeks. The Cash Collateral may be used solely for the purposes permitted under the budget approved by the Court, including (i) to provide working capital needs of the Debtors and general corporate purposes of the Debtors, (ii) to make the payments or fund amounts otherwise permitted in the final order that authorized such uses and such budget, (iii) to fund amounts necessary to pay certain fees; and (iv) to fund amounts necessary to pay certain professional fees in accordance with such Budget.

Global Settlement Agreement in Principle in Bankruptcies

On May 7, 2019, the Proposed Settlement, a global settlement in principle of the Chapter 11 Cases and the Suit, was announced on the record to, and filed with, the Bankruptcy Court jointly by the Debtors and Defendants.

The Proposed Settlement would be effected together with the plan of reorganization, in accordance with the following schedule: (x) the Proposed Settlement and plan of reorganization, and other relevant documents, would be filed with the Bankruptcy Court by May 24, 2019, (y) the parties would use their best efforts to have the Proposed Settlement approved by the Bankruptcy Court by June 7, 2019, and (z) the parties would use their best efforts to have a confirmation hearing for approval of the plan of reorganization by the Bankruptcy Court held on or before June 21, 2019.

Pursuant to the Proposed Settlement, among other things:

White Eagle shall have up to and including September 17, 2019 to satisfy any and all obligations to LNV under the Credit Facility by paying LNV 102% of its outstanding principal plus accrued interest at the relevant default rate, accrued fees and costs, which aggregate amount would include the resolution of the 45% participation interest element of the Credit Facility which was part of the subject matter of the Suit;

If White Eagle satisfies such obligations after September 17, 2019 and by December 30, 2019, the amount due on the outstanding principal would increase to 104%;

In the event LNV has not received the payoff described above by September 17, 2019, the court-appointed liquidation trustee, together with investment banking assistance from Maple Life Financial, LLC, shall have full authority to sell White Eagle’s life insurance policy portfolio (which constitutes collateral under the Credit Facility) for the maximum amount achievable through an orderly sale process, taking into account that the transaction must be closed no later than December 30, 2019; in connection with this authority, the liquidation trustee and the investment banker may work prior to September 17, 2019 to prepare the portfolio for sale, but may not take actions to actually commence a sale including, but not limited to, marketing the portfolio or contacting potential buyers about the portfolio, prior to such date;

If the portfolio is sold in whole or in part, LNV shall only have the right to step in to bid for such sale if, and to the extent, the total amounts generated through the sale thereof do not fully satisfy the payoff amount; and

If the sale of any portion of the Collateral has not closed or the proceeds of such sale(s) have not been received by CLMG by December 30, 2019, (i) if the Payoff Amount has not then been paid in cash in full, such Collateral shall be transferred on or before Noon Eastern on December 31, 2019 to CLMG (or its designee) in full satisfaction of the remaining unpaid portion of the amounts due to LNV.

In addition, in order to provide sufficient cash flow to the Company during this period, and subject to negotiation of mutually-agreed upon terms and conditions, the Debtors shall have the right to use proceeds from the maturity of any portfolio policy and resolution of certain claims, and LNV will provide the Debtors a revolving $15.0 million of debtor-in-possession financing (which amount may be increased if found to be insufficient) through December 30, 2019 (the "DIP Financing").

Plan of Reorganization

On June 5, 2019, the Bankruptcy Court approved the Settlement Agreement memorializing the Proposed Settlement and the DIP Financing. The Plan of Reorganization for the Chapter 11 Cases, which implements the Settlement Agreement and the DIP Financing, was confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court on June 19, 2019.

On July 18, 2019, the Company entered into the Commitment Letter with Lamington, White Eagle and Jade Mountain in connection with the Plan of Reorganization. The Commitment Letter provided for a transaction in which Jade Mountain and/or certain of its affiliates and/or certain investors would acquire 72.5% of the equity interests of White Eagle in exchange for $384.3 million as may be adjusted in accordance with the final documentation. The Commitment Letter and its terms and the transactions contemplated thereby were approved by the Bankruptcy Court on July 22, 2019.

Repayment and Termination of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility

On August 16, 2019, the Company entered into the Subscription Agreement, in connection with the Commitment Letter, pursuant to which White Eagle sold to Palomino 72.5% of its limited partnership interests, consisting of all of the newly issued and outstanding Class A and Class D interests, and WEGP sold to an affiliate of Jade Mountain all of its general partnership interests for a purchase price of approximately $366.2 million and $8.0 million for the Class A and Class D interests, respectively.

Pursuant to the Subscription Agreement, Lamington retained 27.5% of the limited partnership interests of White Eagle, consisting of all of the newly issued and outstanding Class B interests in exchange for all of its previously owned White Eagle limited partnership interests with a value of approximately $138.9 million on the closing date.

The proceeds of the WE Investment were used to satisfy in full (i) the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, and (ii) the DIP Financing extended by CLMG, as agent, and LNV, as lender, to White Eagle, each in connection with the termination of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility and the release of the related liens on the collateral thereunder pursuant to the Master Termination Agreement. The repayment and termination of the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility and the termination of the DIP Financing, which had not been drawn against, were in accordance with the Plan of Reorganization.

The WE Investment was consummated, and the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility was paid off in full and terminated, on August 16, 2019. The payoff totaled $402.5 million, which included payment directly to CLMG by Palomino of $374.2 million and payment to CLMG by White Eagle of $28.3 million, collectively sufficient to repay, under the White Eagle Revolving Credit Facility, the outstanding principal of $368.0 million, accrued and unpaid interest of $21.3 million plus, under the Plan of Reorganization, an early payment amount due to LNV of $7.4 million which was included in the income statement as loss on extinguishment of debt and lender-allowed claims of $5.8 million.