• Filing Date: 2020-07-09
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
v3.20.2
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
6 Months Ended
May 31, 2020
Accounting Changes and Error Corrections [Abstract]  
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, "Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement" which modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on the concepts in the Concepts Statement, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The following disclosure requirements were removed from Topic 820 among others: 1) The amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy 2) The policy for timing of transfers between levels. The following disclosure requirements were part of the modifications in Topic 820:1) For investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value, an entity is required to disclose the timing of liquidation of an investee’s assets and the date when restrictions from redemption might lapse only if the investee has communicated the timing to the entity or announced the timing publicly. The amendments also clarify that the measurement uncertainty disclosure is to communicate information about the uncertainty in measurement as of the reporting date. Lastly, the following disclosure requirements were added to Topic 820: 1) the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period; 2) the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. For certain unobservable inputs, an entity may disclose other quantitative information (such as the median or arithmetic average) in lieu of the weighted average if the entity determines that other quantitative information would be a more reasonable and rational method to reflect the distribution of unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-17, Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities ("ASU 2018-17"). ASU 2018-17 provides that indirect interests held through related parties in common control arrangements should be considered on a proportional basis for determining whether fees paid to decision makers and service providers are variable interests. ASU 2018-17 is effective for public companies for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019- 05 which amends ASU 2016-13 to allow companies to irrevocably elect, upon adoption of ASU 2016-13, the fair value option on financial instruments that (1) were previously recorded at amortized cost and (2) are within the scope of ASC 326-203 if the instruments are eligible for the fair value option under ASC 825-10.4 The fair value option election does not apply to held-to-maturity debt securities. Entities are required to make this election on an instrument-by-instrument basis. ASU 2019-05’s amendments should be applied "on a modified-retrospective basis by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings balance in the statement of financial position as of the date that an entity adopted the amendments in ASU 2016-13." Certain disclosures are required. For entities that have adopted ASU 2016-13, the amendments in ASU 2019-05 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods therein. An entity may early adopt the ASU in any interim period after its issuance if the entity has adopted ASU 2016-13. For all other entities, the effective date will be the same as the effective date in ASU 2016-13.We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU No 2019-04 which clarifies certain aspects of accounting for credit losses, hedging activities, and financial instruments. The ASU’s amendments apply to all entities within the scope of the affected guidance. Accrued interest - Amortized cost basis is defined in ASU 2016-13 as "the amount at which a financing receivable or investment is originated or acquired, adjusted for applicable accrued interest, accretion or amortization of premium, discount, and net deferred fees or costs, collection of cash, write offs, foreign exchange, and fair value hedge accounting adjustments". To address stakeholders’ concerns that the inclusion of accrued interest in the definition of amortized cost basis could make application of the credit loss guidance operationally burdensome, ASU 2019-04 provides certain alternatives for the measurement of the allowance for credit losses (ALL) on accrued interest receivable (AIR). These measurement alternatives include (1) measuring an ALL on AIR separately, (2) electing to provide separate disclosure of the AIR component of amortized cost as a practical expedient, and (3) making accounting policy elections to simplify certain aspects of the presentation and measurement of such AIR. For entities that have adopted ASU 2016-13, the amendments in ASU 2019-04 related to ASU 2016-13 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods therein. ASU 2019-04’s amendments should be applied "on a modified-retrospective basis by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening retained earnings balance in the statement of financial position as of the date an entity adopted the amendments in ASU 2016-13." Certain disclosures are also required. For all other entities, the effective date will be the same as the effective date in ASU 2016-13. We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.  The ASU enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance in ASC 740, including requirements related to the following: (1) hybrid tax regimes; (2) tax basis step-up in goodwill obtained in a transaction that is not a business combination; (3) separate financial statements of entities not subject to tax; (4) intra-period tax allocation exception to the incremental approach; (5) ownership changes in investments; (6) interim-period accounting for enacted changes in tax law; (7) year-to-date loss limitation in interim-period tax accounting. The amendments in ASU 2019-12 are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods therein. Early adoption of the standard is permitted, including adoption in interim or annual periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815. The amendments in this Update clarify certain interactions between the guidance to account for certain equity securities under Topic 321, the guidance to account for investments under the equity method of accounting in Topic 323, and the guidance in Topic 815, which could change how an entity accounts for an equity security under the measurement alternative or a forward contract or purchased option to purchase securities that, upon settlement of the forward contract or exercise of the purchased option, would be accounted for under the equity method of accounting or the fair value option in accordance with Topic 825, Financial Instruments. These amendments improve current GAAP by reducing diversity in practice and increasing comparability of the accounting for these interactions. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including early adoption in an interim period, (1) for public business entities for periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued and (2) for all other entities for periods for which financial statements have not yet been made available for issuance. The amendments in this Update should be applied prospectively. Under a prospective transition, an entity should apply the amendments at the beginning of the interim period that includes the adoption date. We are currently evaluating the methods and impact of adopting this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Change in Accounting Principle and Accounting for Lease

The Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) which now requires recognition of right-of-use (ROU) asset and lease liability on the balance sheet. As part of the transition to the new standard, the Company measured its operating lease commitment at December 1, 2019 and recognized a right-of-use asset and operating lease liability on its balance sheet. The adoption of this ASU did not result in any significant changes to the consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity, or statement of cash flows. In transitioning the application of this guidance, retrospective application to all periods presented in the consolidated financial statements has been performed as follows (in thousands):

 
 
As reported under previous accounting guidance
 
As reported under ASU 2016-02
 
Effect of change
Balance Sheet - November 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid and other assets
 
$
377

 
353

 
24

Operating lease assets
 

 
132

 
132

Total assets
 
$
165,712

 
$
165,868

 
$
156

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other liabilities
 
$
86

 
39

 
(47
)
Operating lease liability
 

 
203

 
203

Total liabilities
 
123,599

 
123,755

 
156

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total stockholders' equity
 
42,113

 
42,113

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
165,712

 
$
165,868

 
$
156

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net effect
 
$

 
$

 
$



In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, "Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income" to address stakeholder concerns about the guidance in current generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) that requires deferred tax liabilities and assets to be adjusted for the effect of a change in tax laws or rates with the effect included in income from continuing operations in the reporting period that includes the enactment date. The amendments in this update allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings is for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This standard was adopted during the six months ended May 31, 2020 and did not result in any significant changes to the consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity, or statement of cash flows.