• Filing Date: 2019-06-14
  • Form Type: 10-K
  • Description: Annual report
12 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Disclosure Text Block [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies



(a)   Cash and cash equivalents


The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist primarily of cash deposits maintained in the United Kingdom. From time to time, the Company's cash account balances exceed amounts covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. The Company has never suffered a loss due to such excess balances.


(b)  Fixed rate cash accounts


From time to time the Company may invest funds in fixed rate cash savings accounts.  Customarily, these accounts, at the time of the initial investment, provide a higher interest rate than other bank accounts, and require the Company to maintain the funds in the accounts for a certain period of time. As of March 31, 2019, the Company does not hold any cash reserves in any such savings accounts.


(c)  Fair value of financial instruments


The Company's financial instruments primarily consist of cash, fixed rate cash accounts, accounts payable and other current liabilities. The estimated fair values of non-related party financial instruments approximates their carrying values as presented, due to their short maturities. The fair value of amounts payable to related parties are not practicable to estimate due to the related party nature of the underlying transactions.


(d)  Property and equipment


Property and equipment is stated at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally four years. This is charged to operating expenses.


(e)  Intangible assets


Intangible assets consist of licenses and patents associated with the sugarBEAT device and are amortized on a straight-line basis, generally over their legal lives of up to 20 years and are reviewed for impairment. Costs capitalized relate to invoices received from third parties and not any internal costs. The Company evaluates its intangible assets (all have finite lives) and other long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that they may not be recoverable, or at least annually. Recoverability of finite and other long-lived assets is measured by comparing the carrying amount of an asset group to the future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by that asset group. The Company groups assets for purposes of such review at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows of the asset group are largely independent of the cash flows of the other groups of assets and liabilities. The amount of impairment to be recognized for finite and other long-lived assets is calculated as the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the asset group, generally measured by discounting estimated future cash flows. There were no impairment indicators present during the years ended March 31 2019, 2018 or 2017.


(f)  Revenue Recognition


While the Company is not currently recognizing revenue, we have considered the guidelines within ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which is effective for the Company beginning April 1, 2019. This standard applies to all contracts with customers, except for contracts that are within the scope of other standards, such as leases, insurance, collaboration arrangements and financial instruments. Under ASC Topic 606, an entity recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC Topic 606, the entity performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC Topic 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.


The Company may enter into product development and other agreements with collaborative partners. The terms of the agreements may include non-refundable signing and licensing fees, milestone payments and royalties on any product sales derived from collaborations.


The Company has entered into license agreements and for these, recognizes up front license payments as revenue upon delivery of the license only if the license has stand-alone value to the customer. However, where further performance criteria must be met, revenue is deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the period the Company is expected to complete its performance obligations.


Royalty revenue will be recognized upon the sale of the related products provided the Company has no remaining performance obligations under the agreement.


(g)  Research and development expenses


The Company charges research and development expenses to operations as incurred. Research and development expenses primarily consist of salaries and related expenses for personnel and outside contractor and consulting services. Other research and development expenses include the costs of materials and supplies used in research and development, prototype manufacturing, clinical studies, related information technology and an allocation of facilities costs. The CE mark has now been granted and the FDA submission is planned in Q2 2019. Research and Development costs will therefore decrease significantly for the glucose monitoring application given these major milestones have been achieved and FDA submission is imminent.


(h)  Inventory


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with cost determined on a first-in first-out basis. At present all inventory relates to raw materials.


(i)  Income taxes


Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, and operating loss carry forwards. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided to reduce the carrying amount of deferred income tax assets if it is considered more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized.


The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained.  Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. The Company has elected to classify interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as part of income tax expense in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. The Company does not have any accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor was any interest expense related to unrecognized tax benefits recognized for the three years ended March 31, 2019.


In December 2017, the US Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law. Generally, this Act reduces corporate rates from a top rate of 35% to a top rate of 21%, effective January 1, 2018. As the Company’s US operations are minimal, and all deferred tax assets maintain a full valuation allowance, there is no significant impact to the Company as of and for the year ended March 31, 2019.


(j)   Earnings (loss) per share


Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. For the years ended March 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, warrants to purchase 10 million shares of common stock were anti-dilutive and were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share. For the year ended March 31, 2019, warrants to purchase 1,880,704 shares of common stock and a unit purchase option to purchase 97,103 shares of common stock as well as 97,103 warrants were considered anti-dilutive and were also excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share. For the years ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 preferred stock convertible to 137,324,000 shares of common stock were anti-dilutive and were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share.


(k)  Use of estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Actual results may differ from those estimates.


(l)  Foreign currency translation


The functional currency of the Company is the Great Britain Pound Sterling ("GBP"). The reporting currency is the United States dollar (US$). Stockholders' equity is translated into United States dollars from GBP at historical exchange rates. Assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates as of the balance sheet date. Income and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the reporting period.


The translation rates are as follows:


      2019       2018       2017  
Year end GBP : US$ exchange rate     1:1.3030       1:1.4033       1:1.2453  
Average period/yearly GBP : US$ exchange rate     1:1.3026       1:1.3305       1:1.3146  


Adjustments resulting from translating the financial statements into the United States dollar are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity.


(m)  Stock-based compensation


For stock options granted as consideration for services rendered by non-employees, the company recognizes compensation expense in accordance with the requirements of FASB ASC Topic 505-50 (“ASC 505-50”), “Equity Based Payments to Non- Employees.” Non-employee restricted common stock and stock option grants that do not vest immediately upon grant, and whose terms are known, are recorded as an expense over the vesting period of the underlying instrument granted. At the end of each financial reporting period prior to vesting, the value of the instruments granted, will be re-measured using the fair value of the Company’s common stock and the stock-based compensation recognized during the period will be adjusted accordingly.


For restricted common stock and stock option awards that have performance-based conditions, the Company recognizes the stock-based compensation expense at the fair value of the award based on the date that the performance conditions have been met.   The Company calculates the fair value of the stock options using the Black Scholes option pricing model.   The fair value of restricted common stock awards is based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the applicable measurement date.


The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock-based awards represent management’s best estimates and involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment.


To date, the Company has not granted any stock-based compensation awards to employees.


(n)  Direct costs incurred for equity financing


The Company includes all direct costs incurred in connection with successful equity financings as a component of additional paid-in capital. Direct costs incurred for equity financings that are unsuccessful are expensed. 


(o)  Recent accounting pronouncements


The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability. When it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company's financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequences of the change to its consolidated financial statements and assures that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company's consolidated financial statements properly reflect the change.


In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Updates ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 has been modified multiple times since its initial release. This ASU outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. ASU 2014-09, as amended, becomes effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. As an Emerging Growth Company (we expect our Emerging Growth Company status to expire on March 31, 2020), the Company is allowed to adopt new, or updated, accounting standards using the same time frame that applies to private companies. The Company will adopt this standard on April 1, 2019. Management is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this ASU on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases. The main difference between the provisions of ASU No. 2016-02 and previous U.S. GAAP is the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous U.S. GAAP. ASU No. 2016-02 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases, and the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee have not significantly changed from previous U.S. GAAP. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. The accounting applied by a lessor is largely unchanged from that applied under previous U.S. GAAP. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. This ASU is effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of any interim or annual reporting period. As an Emerging Growth Company, the Company is allowed to adopt new, or updated, accounting standards using the same time frame that applies to private companies. The Company will adopt this standard on April 1, 2020. Management is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this ASU on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, or ASU 2018-07. ASU 2018-07 simplifies the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions. The Company will adopt ASU 2018-07 prospectively as of April 1, 2019. The adoption of ASU 2018-07 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or related disclosures.


In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement: Disclosure Framework Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (ASU 2018-13), which adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Under the new guidance, entities will no longer be required to disclose the amount and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, or valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. However, public business entities will be required to disclose the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and related changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income. ASU 2018-13 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


(p)  Risks and Uncertainties:


The Company is in the commercialization stage for sugarBEAT in the EU now that CE mark approval (European Union approval of the product) has been received. The Company has entered into sales and marketing agreements for the product. It has also placed orders for the first commercial batch of transmitter devices with the electronics manufacturer Datalink Limited. It has not entered into exclusive manufacturing agreements with any of its contract manufacturers. Uncertainties still exist with regards to regulatory acceptance of the Company’s primary product development efforts in territories outside of Europe. 


(q)  Preferred shares


On October 5, 2017, the Company entered into common stock exchange agreements with each of its three largest shareholders, to exchange, in the aggregate, 137,324,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for 137,324 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred”).  Each share of Series A Preferred is convertible into 1,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, automatically upon the occurrence of all of certain triggering events, as set forth in the Certificate of Designation for the Series A Preferred, namely (a) the sugarBEAT® device to be commercialized has CE regulatory approval; (b) retail sales having commenced; and (c) retail sales exceeding USD$5 million, inclusive of advanced sales or voluntarily by the holder after February 7, 2018, if these triggering events have not occurred.  Each holder of issued and outstanding Series A Preferred is entitled to a number of votes equal to the number of shares of common stock into which the Series A Preferred is convertible. Holders of Series A Preferred are entitled to vote on any and all matters presented to stockholders of the Company, except as provided by law.  The Series A Preferred has no preference to the common stock as to dividends or distributions of assets upon liquidation or winding up of the Company (which has been agreed to by the holders of the Series A Preferred).  The Company determined that the fair value of the shares of Series A Preferred issued for the shares of common stock was equivalent to the fair value of the shares of common stock exchanged.


On November 6, 2017, the transactions contemplated by the exchange agreements were consummated and 137,324,000 shares of common stock were cancelled.  As a result, the Company had 67,676,000 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018.


On June 5, 2018, the three holders of the Company’s Series A Preferred each delivered notices of conversion to voluntarily convert their Series A Preferred, in the aggregate amount of 137,324 of Series A Preferred shares, into 137,324,000 shares of common stock.  The holders had the right to voluntarily convert each share of Series A Preferred into 1,000 shares of common stock of the Company. 


(r)  Subsequent events


S-3 Registration


Prior to the year end, the Company filed a new Registration Statement on Form S-3, registering up to $250,000,000 of our common stock, preferred stock, warrants, debt securities and units (the “Form S-3”). The Form S-3 was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 8, 2019. We may offer and sell up to $250,000,000 in the aggregate of the securities identified from time to time in one or more offerings. The securities may be sold directly by us, through dealers, or agents, designated from time to time, to or through underwriters, or through a combination of these methods as set forth in the “Plan of Distribution” included therein. Each time we offer securities under the prospectus that is part of the Form S-3, we will provide the specific terms of the securities being offered, including the offering price in a prospectus supplement.


On April 10, 2019, the Company re-started the ATM offering, with Maxim Group LLC, as sales agent (“Maxim”), pursuant to which the Company may offer and sell, from time to time, through Maxim (the “Offering”), up to $19,544,895 in shares of its common stock (the “Shares”).


CE Approval


On May 29, 2019 Nemaura Medical announced it had received confirmation of approval of the European Conformity for sugarBEAT which now allows Nemaura to commence commercialization of the product in to the European Union.


Nemaura has initiated plans to launch the product into the UK market in Q3 of 2019, followed by Germany and other markets. In the UK, Nemaura is working with its licensee DBP (Jersey) Ltd., to launch the product in the UK, and is working with its joint venture partner DB Ethitronix to commence registration and commercial launch into the German market.


The Company ordered 12,500 sugarBEAT devices in July 2018 in anticipation of CE approval, and these devices are currently being assembled and programmed with the updated software for the planned launch in Germany and the UK, and they are in discussions with their UK licensee with regards to taking orders for additional quantities to support product launch for the next 12 months.


Nemaura has also commenced activities with respect to registering the CGM product based on the CE Mark in the GCC countries with their respective licensees in that region, Al-Danah Medical and TPMena.


(s)   Reclassifications


To conform to the current year’s presentation, as of March 31, 2018, the Company reclassified $70,165 from other liabilities and accrued expenses to current portion of deferred revenue. There was no impact on total assets, total liabilities, net loss or total equity.