• Filing Date: 2020-11-03
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
Revenue Recognition
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Revenue Recognition [Abstract]  
Revenue Recognition 4. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Net Revenue

The Company sells its products to major pharmaceutical distributors, pharmacies, hospitals and wholesalers (collectively, its Customers). In addition to distribution agreements with Customers, the Company enters into arrangements with healthcare providers and payors that provide for government-mandated and/or privately-negotiated rebates, chargebacks, and discounts with respect to the purchase

of the Company’s products. All of the Company’s current contracts have a single performance obligation, as the promise to transfer the individual goods is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and is, therefore, not distinct.

All of the Company’s revenue is derived from product sales. The Company recognizes revenues from product sales at a point in time when the Customer obtains control, typically upon delivery. The Company accrues for fulfillment costs when the related revenue is recognized. Taxes collected from Customers relating to product sales and remitted to governmental authorities are excluded from revenues.

As of September 30, 2020, the Company had received a total of $1,000,000 of milestone payments in connection with the Company’s Canadian distributor that it has not recognized as revenue based on the Company’s analysis in connection with ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606). These deferred revenues are included as a component of other non-current liabilities on the Company’s balance sheets.

Estimates of Variable Consideration

Revenues from product sales are recorded at the net sales price (transaction price), which includes estimates of variable consideration for reserves related to statutory rebates to State Medicaid and other government agencies; commercial rebates and fees to Managed Care Organizations (MCOs), Group Purchasing Organizations (GPOs), distributors, and specialty pharmacies; product returns; sales discounts (including trade discounts); distributor costs; wholesaler chargebacks; and allowances for patient assistance programs relating to the Company’s sales of its products.

These reserves are based on estimates of the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales. Management’s estimates take into consideration historical experience, current contractual and statutory requirements, specific known market events and trends, industry data, and Customer buying and payment patterns. Overall, these reserves reflect the Company’s best estimates of the amount of consideration to which it is entitled based on the terms of the contract. The amount of variable consideration included in the net sales price is limited to the amount that is probable not to result in a significant reversal in the amount of the cumulative revenue recognized in a future period. If actual results vary, the Company may adjust these estimates, which could have an effect on earnings in the period of adjustment.

With respect to the Company’s international contracts with third party distributors, certain contracts have elements of variable consideration, and management reviews those contracts on a regular basis and makes estimates of revenue based on historical ordering patterns and known market events and data. The amount of variable consideration included in net sales in each period could vary depending on the terms of these contracts and the probability of reversal in future periods.

Consideration Payable to Customers

Distribution service fees are payments issued to distributors for compliance with various contractually-defined inventory management practices or services provided to support patient access to a product. Distribution service fees reserves are based on the terms of each individual contract and are classified within accrued expenses and are recorded as a reduction of revenue.

Product Returns

The Company’s policies provide for product returns in the following circumstances: (a) expiration of shelf life on certain products; (b) product damaged while in the Customer’s possession; and (c) following product recalls. Generally, returns for expired product are accepted three months before and up to one year after the expiration date of the related product, and the related product is destroyed after it is returned. The Company may either refund the sales price paid by the Customer by issuing a credit or exchanging the returned product for replacement inventory. The Company typically does not provide cash refunds. The Company estimates the proportion of recorded revenue that will result in a return by considering relevant factors, including historical returns experience, the estimated level of inventory in the distribution channel, the shelf life of products and product recalls, if any.

The estimation process for product returns involves, in each case, several interrelating assumptions, which vary for each Customer. The Company estimates the amount of its product sales that may be returned by its Customers and records this estimate as a reduction of revenue from product sales in the period the related revenue is recognized, and because this returned product cannot be resold, there is no corresponding asset for product returns. To date, product returns have been minimal.

Other Revenue

The Company enters into agreements in which it licenses certain rights to its products to partner companies that act as distributors. The terms of these arrangements may include payment to the Company of one or more of the following: non-refundable, up-front license fees; development, regulatory and commercial milestone payments; payments for manufacturing supply services the Company provides; and a revenue share on net sales of licensed products. Each of these payments is recognized as other revenues.

As part of the accounting for these arrangements, the Company must develop estimates that require judgment to determine the stand-alone selling price for each performance obligation identified in the contract. Performance obligations are promises in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the Customer, and the Company recognizes revenue when, or as, performance obligations are satisfied. The Company uses key assumptions to determine the stand-alone selling price; these assumptions may include forecasted revenues, development timelines, reimbursement rates for personnel costs, discount rates and probabilities of technical, regulatory and commercial success.

Certain of these agreements include consideration in the form of milestone payments. At the inception of each arrangement that includes milestone payments, the Company evaluates the recognition of milestone payments. Typically, milestone payments are associated with events that are not entirely within the control of the Company or the licensee, such as regulatory approvals, are included in the transaction price, and are subject to a constraint until it is probable that there will not be a significant revenue reversal, typically upon achievement of the milestone. At the end of each reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability of achievement of such milestones and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimate of the overall transaction price.

Customer Payment Obligations

The Company receives payments from its Customers based on billing schedules established in each contract, which vary across the Company’s locations, but generally range between 30 to 120 days. Occasionally, the timing of receipt of payment for the Company’s international Customers can be extended. Amounts are recorded as accounts receivable when the Company’s right to consideration is unconditional. The Company does not assess whether a contract has a significant financing component if the expectation is that the Customer will pay for the product or services in one year or less of receiving those products or services.