• Filing Date: 2020-11-03
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Income Taxes [Abstract]  
Income Taxes 14. INCOME TAXES

In accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes, the Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of its assets and liabilities at the enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance against its net deferred tax asset to reduce the net carrying value to an amount that is more likely than not to be realized. At the end of each interim period, the Company makes its best estimate of the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year. This estimate reflects, among other items, the Company’s best estimate of operating results and foreign currency exchange rates.

The Company also applies the provisions for income taxes related to, among other things, accounting for uncertain tax positions and disclosure requirements. The Company’s recorded liability for uncertain tax positions as of September 30, 2020 has increased by approximately $4,500 as compared to December 31, 2019. There has been no change to the Company’s policy that recognizes potential interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The Company conducts business globally and, as a result, files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities throughout the world.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act was enacted and signed into law. In addition to other provisions, the CARES Act contains modifications to Net Operating Loss (NOL) carryback rules. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, there was no impact to the tax provision related to the CARES Act. We are currently evaluating the provisions of the CARES Act and how other elections may impact our financial position, results of operations, and disclosures, if needed.

At December 31, 2019, the Company had U.S. federal NOL carry-forwards of approximately $125,756,000 and state NOL carry-forwards of approximately $172,993,000 available to reduce future taxable income. The Company’s U.S. federal NOL carry-forwards remain fully reserved as of September 30, 2020. Except for the NOLs generated after 2017, the U.S. federal NOLs not fully utilized will expire at various dates between 2029 and 2037; most state NOL carry-forwards will expire at various dates between 2020 and 2039. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, U.S. federal NOLs and some state NOLs generated after 2017 will carryforward indefinitely.

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had cumulative book losses in foreign subsidiaries of $134,379,000. The Company has not recorded a deferred tax asset for the excess of tax over book basis in the stock of its foreign subsidiaries. The Company anticipates that its foreign subsidiaries will be profitable and have earnings in the future. Once the foreign subsidiaries do have earnings, the Company intends to indefinitely reinvest in its foreign subsidiaries all undistributed earnings of and original investments in such subsidiaries. As a result, the Company has not recorded a deferred tax liability related to excess of book over tax basis in the stock of its foreign subsidiaries in accordance with ASC 740-30-25.