• Filing Date: 2013-11-12
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2013
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Development Stage Company
The Company is considered to be in the development stage as defined in ASC 915, Accounting and Reporting by Development Stage Enterprises. The Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to the development of their thin film solar cell technology in the development contracts with governmental agencies they have entered into, corporate formation and the raising of capital.  The Company has generated revenues from agreements entered into that are for the development of their products and not the sales of their products.  These contracts are one-time contracts that support the Company's development.  The Company anticipates emerging from the development stage in 2014 upon completion of the development of their products.
Basis of Accounting
The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounts Receivable
For financial reporting, current earnings are charged and an allowance is credited with a provision for doubtful accounts based on experience.  Accounts deemed uncollectible are charged against this allowance.  Receivables are reported on the balance sheet net of such allowance.  The Company monitors its exposure for credit losses and maintains allowances for anticipated losses.  The Company believes no allowance for doubtful accounts is necessary at September 30, 2013.  The Company does not charge interest on past due accounts.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives (from three to seven years).  Additions, renewals, and betterments, unless of a minor amount, are capitalized.  Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.
Deferred Financing Fees
The costs incurred in connection with obtaining debt financing will be capitalized as deferred financing costs and amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the debt.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews their recoverability of long-lived assets on a periodic basis whenever events and changes in circumstances have occurred which may indicate a possible impairment.  The assessment for potential impairment will be based primarily on the Company’s ability to recover the carrying value of its long-lived assets from expected future cash flows from its operations on an undiscounted basis.  If such assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.  Fixed assets to be disposed of by sale will be carried at the lower of the then current carrying value or fair value less estimated costs to sell.  The Company’s management has determined that the fair value of long-lived assets exceeds the book value and thus no impairment charge is necessary as of September 30, 2013.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, the carrying amount reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximate fair value because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments.  The Company does not utilize derivative instruments.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes utilizing the liability method of accounting.  Under the liability method, deferred taxes are determined based on differences between financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities at enacted tax rates in effect in years in which differences are expected to reverse.  Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts that are expected to be realized.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments and other short-term investments with maturity of three months or less, when purchased, to be cash equivalents.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized from private and public sector contracts that are time and material type contracts.  These revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC 605, Revenue Recognition.  The Company recognizes revenue when; (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; (3) the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and (4) collectability is reasonably assured.
The Company assesses whether fees are fixed or determinable at the time of sale and recognizes revenue if all other revenue recognition requirements are met.  The Company's standard payment terms are net 30. Payments that extend beyond 30 days from the contract date but that are due within twelve months are generally deemed to be fixed or determinable based on the Company's successful collection history on such arrangements, and thereby satisfy the required criteria for revenue recognition.
Loss Per Share of Common Stock
Basic net loss per common share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted earnings per share (EPS) include additional dilution from common stock equivalents, such as stock issuable pursuant to the exercise of stock options and warrants.  Common stock equivalents are not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share when the Company reports a loss because to do so would be anti-dilutive for periods presented.  The following is a reconciliation of the computation for basic and diluted EPS:
    September 30,
    September 30,
Net loss   $ (222,476 )   $ (763,280 )
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (Basic)     29,828,504       26,987,575  
Weighted-average common stock Equivalents Stock options     -       -  
    3,785,300       3,785,300  
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (Diluted)     33,613,804       30,772,875  
Uncertainty in Income Taxes
The Company follows ASC 740-10, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes. This interpretation requires recognition and measurement of uncertain income tax positions using a “more-likely-than-not” approach. ASC 740-10 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. Management has adopted ASC 740-10 for 2008, and they evaluate their tax positions on an annual basis. The Company’s policy is to recognize both interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits expected to result in payment of cash within one year are classified as accrued liabilities, while those expected beyond one year are classified as other liabilities. The Company has not recorded any interest or penalties since its inception.
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal tax jurisdiction and various state tax jurisdictions. The tax years for 2009 to 2012 remain open for examination by federal and/or state tax jurisdictions. The Company is currently not under examination by any other tax jurisdictions for any tax year.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2011, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS. FASB ASU 2011-04 amends and clarifies the measurement and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC 820 resulting in common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements, clarification of how to apply existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements, and changes to certain principles and requirements for measuring fair value and disclosing information about fair value measurements. The new requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company has adopted this amended guidance on October 1, 2012. The adopted guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
In June 2011, FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income, which amends the disclosure and presentation requirements of Comprehensive Income. Specifically, FASB ASU No. 2011-05 requires that all nonowner changes in stockholders’ equity be presented either in 1) a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or 2) two separate but consecutive statements, in which the first statement presents total net income and its components, and the second statement presents total other comprehensive income and its components. These new presentation requirements, as currently set forth, are effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The Company has adopted this amended guidance on October 1, 2012. The adopted guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards (continued)
In September 2011, FASB issued ASU 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment, which amended goodwill impairment guidance to provide an option for entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. After assessing the totality of events and circumstances, if an entity determines that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, performance of the two-step impairment test is no longer required. This guidance is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. The adopted guidance did not have any impact on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU 2012-02, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite - Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment, on testing for indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment. The new guidance provides an entity to simplify the testing for a drop in value of intangible assets such as trademarks, patents, and distribution rights. The amended standard reduces the cost of accounting for indefinite-lived intangible assets, especially in cases where the likelihood of impairment is low. The changes permit businesses and other organizations to first use subjective criteria to determine if an intangible asset has lost value. The amendments to U.S. GAAP will be effective for fiscal years starting after September 15, 2012. The Company’s adoption of this accounting guidance does not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
There were other updates recently issued, most of which represented technical corrections to the accounting literature or application to specific industries and are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.