• Filing Date: 2018-05-10
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
v3.8.0.1
8.50% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
8.50% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes Due 2019  
Debt Instrument [Line Items]  
Senior Notes
8.50% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes

In February 2014, the Company issued $70.7 million in an aggregate principal amount of 8.50% senior unsecured convertible notes due 2019 (the "Convertible Notes" or "8.5% Convertible Notes"). The Convertible Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture dated February 21, 2014, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the "Convertible Note Indenture").

The Convertible Notes are general senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company's other existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness. The Convertible Notes are effectively subordinate to all of the Company's secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets collateralizing such indebtedness. The Convertible Notes are not guaranteed by the Company's subsidiaries.

The maturity date of the Convertible Notes is February 15, 2019. The Convertible Notes accrue interest at the rate of 8.50% per annum on the principal amount of the Convertible Notes, payable semi-annually in arrears on August 15 and February 15 of each year.

The Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of common stock at any time prior to the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date. Initially, the Convertible Notes were convertible into shares of common stock at a conversion rate of 147.9290 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes (equivalent to a conversion price of $6.76 per share of common stock). In the second quarter of 2015, the conversion rate was adjusted to 151.7912 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes (equivalent to a conversion price of $6.59 per share of common stock) in connection with an anti-dilution adjustment triggered by a rights offering that resulted in the issuance of 6,688,433 shares of the Company’s common stock.

On and after February 15, 2017 and prior to the maturity date, the Company may redeem for cash all, but not less than all, of the Convertible Notes if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds 130% of the applicable conversion price for at least 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the trading day immediately prior to the date the Company delivers notice of the redemption. The redemption price will be equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date. In addition, if a make-whole fundamental change occurs prior to maturity date, and a holder elects to convert its Convertible Notes in connection therewith, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate by a number of additional shares of common stock for holders who convert their notes prior to the redemption date.

The Company determined that an embedded conversion option existed in the Convertible Notes that was required to be separately accounted for as a derivative under ASC 815 which required the Company to bifurcate the embedded conversion option, record it as a liability at fair value and record a debt discount by an equal amount. Upon receipt of shareholder approval to issue shares of common stock upon conversion of the Convertible Notes in an amount that exceeded applicable New York Stock Exchange limits for issuances without shareholder approval, the Company reclassified the embedded conversion derivative liability to equity. The Convertible Notes are recorded at accreted value and will continue to be accreted up to the par value of the Convertible Notes at maturity.

On February 14, 2017, the Company solicited consents (the "Consent Solicitation") to issue additional 8.50% Convertible Notes (the "Additional Convertible Notes") in lieu of a cash payment of interest on February 15, 2017 (the "2017 Interest Payment Date") to holders of the Convertible Notes.

On March 14, 2017, the Company issued Additional Convertible Notes for an aggregate principal amount of $3.5 million following the Company’s receipt of the requisite consents of the holders of approximately 98% of the aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes (the "Consenting Holders"), pursuant to the Consent Solicitation, whereby each Consenting Holder agreed to accept Additional Convertible Notes in lieu of a cash payment of interest on the Convertible Notes due on the 2017 Interest Payment Date. All Additional Convertible Notes issued by the Company to Consenting Holders were issued under the Convertible Note Indenture and such Additional Convertible Notes have identical terms to the existing Convertible Notes. Interest on the Additional Convertible Notes will accrue from February 15, 2017.
On March 15, 2017 and May 12, 2017, the Company entered into a series of separate Master Transaction Agreements (the "Master Transaction Agreements") by and among the Company, PJC Investments, LLC, a Texas limited liability company ("PJC") and each such Consenting Convertible Note Holder that is a party to such Master Transaction Agreement regarding a series of integrated transactions with the intent to effect a recapitalization of the Company (the "Transaction") which included, among other transactions, a Convertible Note Exchange Offer and a New Convertible Note Indenture providing for the issuance of New Convertible Notes to be delivered in connection with the Transaction (each as defined in the Master Transaction Agreements).

As part of the Transaction, on April 18, 2017, the Company launched an exchange offer (the "Convertible Note Exchange Offer") to the existing holders of its outstanding Convertible Notes for 5.0% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes due 2023 (the "New Convertible Notes" or "5% Convertible Notes"). At least 98% of the holders of the Convertible Notes were required to tender in the Convertible Note Exchange Offer as a condition to closing the Transaction.

On July 26, 2017, the Company’s offer to exchange its outstanding $74.2 million aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes for its New Convertible Notes expired. Holders of at least 98% of the holders of the Convertible Notes tendered in the Convertible Note Exchange Offer. On July 28, 2017, the Company consummated a series of integrated transactions to effect a recapitalization of the Company (the "Transaction Closing") pursuant to the Master Transaction Agreements, which transactions included the consummation of the Convertible Note Exchange Offer. The amount exchanged included approximately $73.0 million of principal outstanding prior to the exchange and approximately $2.8 million of interest paid in kind at the exchange date. The outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes after the exchange was approximately $1.2 million.

In connection with the Transaction Closing, the Company entered into a supplemental indenture (the "Supplemental Convertible Note Indenture") to the Convertible Note Indenture governing the Convertible Notes. The purpose of the Supplemental Convertible Note Indenture was to eliminate substantially all of the restrictive covenants, eliminate certain events of default, eliminate the covenant restricting mergers and consolidations and modify certain provisions relating to defeasance contained in the Convertible Note Indenture and the Convertible Notes (collectively, the "Proposed Amendments") promptly after the receipt of the requisite consents for the Proposed Amendments.

The Company performed an assessment of the modification of the Convertible Notes under ASC 470, Debt, and determined the transaction is a troubled debt restructuring. The Company did not recognize any gain as a result of the restructuring, therefore, approximately $7.7 million was reclassified to the New Convertible Notes, including $6.7 and $991,000 related to debt discount and origination cost, respectively. See Note 11 "5.0% Senior Unsecured Convertible Notes" for a description of the changes in terms of the Convertible Notes.

As of March 31, 2018, the carrying value of the Convertible Notes was $1.1 million, net of unamortized debt discounts and origination costs of $66,000 and $10,000, respectively. These are being amortized over the remaining life of the Convertible Notes using the effective interest method.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded $46,000 of interest expense on the Convertible Notes, including $25,000, $18,000 and $3,000 from interest, amortizing debt discounts and origination costs, respectively, compared to interest expense of $3.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017, which included $2.1 million, $862,000 and $128,000 from interest, amortizing debt discounts and origination costs, respectively.