• Filing Date: 2020-06-12
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
Basis of Presentation and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
9 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Note 1—Basis of Presentation and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Zedge, Inc. and its subsidiaries, Zedge Europe AS and Zedge Canada, Inc. (dissolved as of May 2, 2019) (the "Company") have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months and nine months ended April 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending July 31, 2020 or any other period. The balance sheet at July 31, 2019 has been derived from the Company's audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, please refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 31, 2019, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").


The Company's fiscal year ends on July 31 of each calendar year. Each reference below to a fiscal year refers to the fiscal year ending in the calendar year indicated (e.g., fiscal 2020 refers to the fiscal year ending July 31, 2020).


COVID-19 Impacts on Financial and Operational Results


The COVID-19 pandemic has caused widespread economic disruption impacting the Company in a number of ways, most notably, with a significant decrease in global advertising spend. As such, the Company lacks clarity about how the pandemic will influence its future financial and operational results.


In light of the current operating and economic environment, the Company has shifted resources and priorities to increase focus on generating incremental revenue at the expense of delivering new product. The Company imposed a temporary hiring freeze and lowered its discretionary spend to preserve cash for mission critical projects. The Company has responded quickly and decisively to the challenges presented by the pandemic in order to ensure the continuity of its service.


As of April 30, 2020, the Company had $4.6 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company has developed certain contingency plans to preserve liquidity if such actions may be determined to be necessary due to worsening conditions, including related to an increase in impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic or if the effects of the pandemic last longer than currently anticipated. At the current time, the Company does not believe taking such actions is prudent nor, does it expect to need to take such action based on its current forecasts. The Company believes that its existing cash and cash equivalents, together with cash generated by operations will be sufficient to meet its working capital and capital expenditure requirements for the foreseeable future when accounting for the ill effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.


The Company considered the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on its significant estimates and judgments used in applying its accounting policies in the three months ended April 30, 2020. In light of the pandemic, there is a greater degree of uncertainty in applying these judgments and depending on the duration and severity of the pandemic, changes to its estimates and judgments could result in a meaningful impact to its financial statements in future periods. Of the more significant items subject to a greater degree of uncertainty during this time include estimates of revenue collectability and credit losses related to accounts receivable.


Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02—Leases (Topic 842), and additional changes, modifications, clarifications, or interpretations related to this guidance thereafter, which require a reporting entity to recognize right-of-use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for operating leases to increase the transparency and comparability.


The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, effective as of August 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective approach. The adoption of Topic 842 had a material impact on the Company's consolidated balance sheets, but did not impact its consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, consolidated statements of stockholders' equity, or consolidated statements of cash flows. There was no adjustment to beginning retained earnings on August 1, 2019. The Company elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. Accordingly, the Company did not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities for leases that qualify, including leases for existing short-term leases in effect at transition and continue to recognize those lease payments as expenses on the Company's consolidated statements of comprehensive loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all its leases. Upon adoption, the Company recognized new ROU assets and lease obligations on the Consolidated Balance Sheet for its operating leases of $538,000 and $512,000, respectively. See Note 12 – Lease for further details.


In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12 – Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting Hedging Activities, which was intended to improve the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity's risk management activities in its financial statements. In addition, the ASU includes certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance in U.S. GAAP. The amendments in this ASU were effective for the Company on August 1, 2019. Entities were to apply the amendments to qualified hedge relationships that existed on the date of adoption using a modified retrospective approach. The presentation and disclosure requirements were to be applied prospectively. The adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements as the Company's hedging activities of foreign currency are not designated and/or do not qualify as hedging instruments. See Note 4 – Derivative Instruments for further details.