• Filing Date: 2018-11-13
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
v3.10.0.1
Document and Entity Information - shares
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Nov. 09, 2018
Document And Entity Information    
Entity Registrant Name Novume Solutions, Inc.  
Entity Central Index Key 0001697851  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Sep. 30, 2018  
Amendment Flag false  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Is Entity's Reporting Status Current? Yes  
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Small Business true  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   18,767,619
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q3  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
v3.10.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - USD ($)
Sep. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
CURRENT ASSETS    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,483,568 $ 1,957,212
Accounts receivable, net 6,810,791 6,707,294
Inventory 124,731 155,716
Note receivable 0 1,475,000
Other current assets 404,223 687,966
Total current assets 8,823,313 10,983,188
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT:    
Furniture and fixtures 252,412 211,885
Office equipment 549,554 524,131
Camera systems 1,319,078 462,399
Vehicles 36,020 10,020
Leasehold improvements 111,845 72,918
Total fixed assets 2,268,909 1,281,353
Less: accumulated depreciation (892,153) (633,014)
Net property and equipment 1,376,756 648,339
Goodwill 3,092,616 3,092,616
Intangibles, net 5,082,846 5,468,874
OTHER ASSETS    
Investment at cost 262,140 262,140
Deposits and other long-term assets 44,386 143,583
Total other assets 306,526 405,723
Total Assets 18,682,057 20,598,740
CURRENT LIABILITIES    
Accounts payable 2,191,971 1,390,877
Accrued expenses 3,189,473 3,060,512
Lines of credit 2,091,602 3,663,586
Notes payable, current portion 4,241 0
Deferred revenue 164,303 117,636
Total current liabilities 7,641,590 8,232,611
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES    
Notes payable 3,390,295 1,405,994
Deferred rent 42,005 53,217
Total long-term liabilities 3,432,300 1,459,211
Total liabilities 11,073,890 9,691,822
Series A Cumulative Convertible Redeemable Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 505,000 shares authorized and 502,327 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively 4,879,277 4,396,580
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized, 14,545,695 and 14,463,364 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively 1,455 1,447
Additional paid-in capital 12,591,762 12,342,527
Accumulated deficit (9,864,351) (5,833,660)
Total Stockholders' Equity 2,728,890 6,510,338
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity 18,682,057 20,598,740
Series A    
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Preferred stock 0 0
Series B    
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Preferred stock $ 24 $ 24
v3.10.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
Sep. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Preferred stock, par value $ 0.0001 $ 0.0001
Preferred stock, authorized 2,000,000 2,000,000
Common stock, par value $ 0.0001 $ 0.0001
Common stock, authorized 30,000,000 30,000,000
Common stock, issued 14,545,695 14,463,364
Common stock, outstanding 14,545,695 14,463,364
Series A    
Preferred stock, par value $ 0.0001 $ 0.0001
Preferred stock, authorized 505,000 505,000
Preferred stock, issued 502,327 502,327
Preferred stock, outstanding 502,327 502,327
Series B    
Preferred stock, par value $ 0.0001 $ 0.0001
Preferred stock, authorized 240,861 240,861
Preferred stock, issued 240,861 240,861
Preferred stock, outstanding 240,861 240,861
v3.10.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations - USD ($)
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Income Statement [Abstract]        
Revenue $ 13,148,848 $ 4,421,574 $ 36,705,781 $ 11,131,825
Cost of revenue 9,229,054 2,457,806 26,228,464 6,017,982
Gross profit 3,919,794 1,963,768 10,477,317 5,113,843
OPERATING EXPENSES        
Selling, general, and administrative expenses 4,158,061 2,951,933 13,767,636 7,899,438
Loss from operations (238,267) (988,165) (3,290,319) (2,785,595)
Other expense        
Interest expense (244,034) (33,720) (507,841) (97,624)
Other income 549 5,383 201,275 5,382
Total other (expense) income (243,485) (28,337) (306,566) (92,242)
Loss before income taxes (481,752) (1,016,502) (3,596,885) (2,877,837)
(Provision) benefit from income taxes (22,082) 225,142 (22,082) 964,377
Net loss $ (503,834) $ (791,360) $ (3,618,967) $ (1,913,460)
Loss per common share - basic $ (0.05) $ (0.09) $ (0.31) $ (0.23)
Loss per common share - diluted $ (0.05) $ (0.09) $ (0.31) $ (0.23)
Weighted average shares outstanding        
Basic 14,542,362 11,756,560 14,524,030 10,920,866
Diluted 14,542,362 11,756,560 14,524,030 10,920,866
v3.10.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity - 9 months ended Sep. 30, 2018 - USD ($)
Common Stock
Series B
Additional Paid-In Capital
Accumulated Deficit
Total
Beginning balance, shares at Dec. 31, 2017 14,463,364 240,861      
Beginning balance, amount at Dec. 31, 2017 $ 1,447 $ 24 $ 12,342,527 $ (5,833,660) $ 6,510,338
Adjustment to adopt new accounting guidance          
Revenue recognition [1]       (67,000) (67,000)
Balance as of January 1, 2018 14,463,364 240,861      
Balance as of January 1, 2018 $ 1,447 $ 24 12,342,527 (5,900,660) 6,443,338
Stock-based compensation     295,684   295,684
Issuance of warrants     123,472   123,472
Net common stock issued in Secure Education Consultants acquisition, shares 33,333        
Net common stock issued in Secure Education Consultants acquisition, amount $ 3   163,329   163,332
Issuance related to note payable, shares 35,000        
Issuance related to note payable, amount $ 4   125,997   126,001
Issuance upon exercise of stock options, shares 13,998        
Issuance upon exercise of stock options, amount $ 1   23,449   23,450
Preferred stock dividends       (344,724) (344,724)
Accretion of Series A preferred stock     (482,696)   (482,696)
Net loss       (3,618,967) (3,618,967)
Ending balance, shares at Sep. 30, 2018 14,545,695 240,861      
Ending balance, amount at Sep. 30, 2018 $ 1,455 $ 24 $ 12,591,762 $ (9,864,351) $ 2,728,890
[1] See Note 3 for additional information.
v3.10.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - USD ($)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES    
Net loss $ (3,618,967) $ (1,913,460)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss income to net cash used in operating activities:    
Depreciation 259,139 77,023
Provision for losses on accounts receivable 0 24,000
Deferred taxes 0 (964,377)
Share-based compensation 295,684 227,470
Amortization of financing costs 68,829 0
Deferred rent (11,213) (18,588)
Warrant expense 0 67,491
Change in fair value of derivative liability (77,377) 0
Amortization of intangibles 772,833 327,120
Changes in operating assets and liabilities    
Accounts receivable (103,496) (870,426)
Inventory 30,985 (1,460)
Deposits 0 (105)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 283,742 (50,909)
Accounts payable 801,095 (196,460)
Accrued expenses and other current liabiltities 219,423 987,522
Deferred revenue (20,333) 50,007
Note receivable 0 51,000
Net cash used in operating activities (1,099,656) (2,204,152)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES    
Proceeds from sale of note receivable 1,475,000 0
Capital expenditures (955,730) (52,985)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 519,270 (52,985)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES    
Deferred stock offering costs 0 75,655
Repayments of short-term borrowings (1,571,984) 0
Proceeds from notes payable 2,000,000 47,341
Acquisition of Firestorm - net of cash acquired 0 (417,704)
Acquisition of Brekford - net of cash acquired 0 1,943,777
Net proceeds from exercise of options 23,450 0
Net proceeds from issuance of preferred stock 0 1,745,347
Payment of preferred dividends (344,724) (163,601)
Net cash provided by financing activities 106,742 3,230,815
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (473,644) 973,678
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 1,957,212 2,788,587
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 1,483,568 $ 3,762,265
v3.10.0.1
NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND RECAPITALIZATION
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Nature Of Operations And Recapitalization  
NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND RECAPITALIZATION

Nature of Operations

 

Novume Solutions, Inc. (the “Company” or “Novume”) was formed in February 2017 to effectuate the mergers of, and become a holding company for KeyStone Solutions, Inc. (“KeyStone”) and Brekford Traffic Safety, Inc. (“Brekford”). Our services are provided through seven wholly owned subsidiaries: AOC Key Solutions, Inc. (“AOC Key Solutions”); Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively referred to as “Firestorm”); Brekford; Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals; Inc. (collectively referred to as “Global”); and Novume Media, Inc. (“Novume Media”).

 

For narrative purposes, Company and Novume references include AOC Key Solutions, Brekford, Firestorm and Global.

 

Novume and AOC Key Solutions are headquartered in Chantilly, Virginia. AOC Key Solutions provides consulting and technical support services to assist clients seeking U.S. Federal government contracts in the technology, telecommunications, defense, and aerospace industries.

 

Firestorm is a nationally-recognized leader in crisis management, crisis communications, emergency response, and business continuity, including workplace violence prevention, cyber-breach response, communicable illness/pandemic planning, predictive intelligence, and other emergency, crisis and disaster preparedness initiatives. Firestorm is headquartered in Roswell, Georgia.

 

Brekford, headquartered in Hanover, Maryland, is a leading public safety technology service provider of fully-integrated automated traffic safety solutions, including speed, red light, move-over and automatic license plate reading systems.

 

The financial statements for Novume prior to the merger with Brekford reflect the historical financial statements of KeyStone. The financial results of Brekford are included in the results of operations from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. In this document, references to KeyStone are to KeyStone Solutions, Inc. prior to, and to KeyStone Solutions, LLC on and after, August 28, 2017 and references to Novume prior to August 28, 2017 are to KeyStone.

 

On October 9, 2018, the Company entered into a Management Services Agreement (the “MSA”) with OpenALPR Technology, Inc. (“OpenALPR”) whereby the Company will provide services to support the continued growth of OpenALPR’s platform. These services include sales, call center and customer support, engineering, marketing and website services along with business strategy, contract and other back office functions. The MSA provides for the Company to receive compensation on a time and materials basis for most services and a commission basis for sales of OpenALPR products.

 

On October 1, 2017, Novume acquired Global (see Note 4). Global provides temporary contract professional and skilled labor to businesses throughout the United States. Contracts to provide such services vary in length, usually less than one year. Global’s corporate offices are located in Fort Worth, Texas.

 

On December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018, Firestorm acquired certain assets of BC Management, Inc. (“BC Management”) and Secure Education Consultants, LLC (“Secure Education”), respectively (see Note 4). These acquisitions provide risk management staffing and customized emergency protocols and critical incident response training. Results of operations for both BC Management and Secure Education have been included in the financial statements of Novume since January 1, 2018.

 

v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies  
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Novume, as the parent company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries AOC Key Solutions, Inc., Brekford Traffic Safety Inc., Novume Media, Inc., Chantilly Petroleum, LLC, Firestorm Solutions, LLC, Firestorm Franchising, LLC, Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc.

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the accounting rules under Regulation S-X, as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Certain amounts in the prior year's financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

 

Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading.

 

It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s latest annual report on Form 10-K.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation for the periods presented have been reflected as required by Regulation S-X, Rule 10-01. All necessary adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature.

 

Going Concern Assessment

 

Beginning with the year ended December 31, 2017 and all annual and interim periods thereafter, management will assess going concern uncertainty in the Company’s consolidated financial statements to determine whether there is sufficient cash on hand and working capital, including available borrowings on loans and external bank lines of credit, to operate for a period of at least one year from the date the consolidated financial statements are issued or available to be issued, which is referred to as the “look-forward period”, as defined in GAAP. As part of this assessment, based on conditions that are known and reasonably knowable to management, management will consider various scenarios, forecasts, projections, estimates and will make certain key assumptions, including the timing and nature of projected cash expenditures or programs, its ability to delay or curtail expenditures or programs and its ability to raise additional capital, if necessary, among other factors. Based on this assessment, as necessary or applicable, management makes certain assumptions around implementing curtailments or delays in the nature and timing of programs and expenditures to the extent it deems probable those implementations can be achieved and management has the proper authority to execute them within the look-forward period.

 

The Company has generated losses since its inception in August 2017 and has relied on cash on hand, external bank lines of credit, the sale of a note and a public offering of its common stock to support cashflow from operations. The Company attributes losses to merger costs, public company corporate overhead and investments made by some of our subsidiary operations. As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company had a net loss of approximately $3.6 million and working capital of approximately $1.2 million. The Company’s cash position was increased in April 2018 by the receipt of $2 million related to the issuance of a promissory note and in November 2018 by the proceeds of $2.8 million from the sale of common stock. Also, as discussed in Note 8, the maturity dates for the Avon Road Note and the April 2018 Promissory Note have been extended into 2020.

 

Management continues to seek additional funding to support its operations and planned acquisition of OpenALPR, however, no assurance can be given that it will be successful in raising adequate funds needed (see Note 13). If the Company is unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, management may have to: terminate its intent to acquire OpenALPR; delay, scale back or discontinue the development or commercialization of some of our products; restrict the Company's operations; or obtain funds by entering into agreements on unattractive terms, which would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, stock price and our relationships with third parties with whom we have business relationships The Company may implement its contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays if operations do not improve in the look-forward period.

 

Management believes that based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable that its current forecasts and projections, for one year from the date of the filing of the consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, indicate improved operations and the Company’s ability to continue operations as a going concern for that one-year period. The Company is actively monitoring its operations, cash on hand and working capital. The Company has contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays should operations not improve in the look-forward period or if additional financing is not available. Management believes the substantial doubt regarding the going concern reported at June 30, 2018 has been alleviated as a result of improved operations, the extended maturity dates on notes payable and the proceeds of the November stock issuance.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Novume considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with the maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

Brekford makes collections on behalf of certain client jurisdictions. Cash balances designated for these client jurisdictions as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $882,034 and $641,103, respectively, and correspond to equal amounts of related accounts payable.

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. The Company performs continuing credit evaluations of its clients’ financial condition, and the Company generally does not require collateral.

 

Management reviews accounts receivable to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. Factors considered in the determination include, among other factors, number of days an invoice is past due, client historical trends, available credit ratings information, other financial data and the overall economic environment. Collection agencies may also be utilized if management so determines.

 

The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based on specifically identified amounts that are believed to be uncollectible. The Company also considers recording as an additional allowance a certain percentage of aged accounts receivable, based on historical experience and the Company’s assessment of the general financial conditions affecting its customer base. If actual collection experience changes, revisions to the allowance may be required. After all reasonable attempts to collect an account receivable have failed, the amount of the receivable is written off against the allowance. The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $24,000 at both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

Accounts receivable at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 included $1,728,393 and $1,259,089 in unbilled services, respectively, related to work performed in the period in which the receivable was recorded. The amounts are expected to be billed or were billed in the subsequent periods.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory principally consists of parts held temporarily until installed for service. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value. The cost is determined by the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, while market value is determined by replacement cost for components and replacement parts.

 

Property and Equipment

 

The costs of furniture and fixtures, office equipment, automobiles and camera systems are depreciated over the useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the terms of the lease. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on the straight-line basis.

 

The range of estimated useful lives used for computing depreciation are as follows:

 

Furniture and fixtures 2 - 10 years
Office equipment 2 - 5 years
Leasehold improvements 3 - 15 years
Automobiles 3 - 5 years
Camera systems 3 years

 

Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Expenditures for additions, improvements and replacements are capitalized. Depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $85,592 and $26,862, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $259,139 and $77,023, respectively.

 

Business Combination

 

Management conducts a valuation analysis on the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date thereof. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. In addition, uncertain tax positions and tax-related valuation allowances are initially established in connection with a business combination as of the acquisition date. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Amounts paid for acquisitions are allocated to the tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. We may also allocate a portion of the purchase price to the fair value of identifiable intangible assets. The fair value of identifiable intangible assets is based on detailed valuations that use information and assumptions provided by management. We allocate any excess purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired to goodwill.

 

We recorded goodwill and intangible assets for the mergers and acquisitions that occurred in 2018 and 2017. The BC Management, Secure Education and Firestorm acquisitions were asset acquisitions, which created both book and tax bases in goodwill and non-goodwill intangible assets. Secure Education’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. BC Management’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. The Firestorm acquisition resulted in $2.5 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. Brekford and Global were stock acquisitions and only have book basis in the goodwill and intangible assets. The fair value assigned to Brekford’s intangible and goodwill is $0.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively. The Global Technical Services and Global Contract Professionals goodwill and intangible assets resulted in a fair value of $1.7 million and $2.6 million, respectively. As a result of a corresponding deferred tax liability, an adjustment was recorded to goodwill to account for the tax effect of the deferred tax liability in the year ended December 31, 2017. As discussed above, the fair value of BC Management and Secure Education assets may change and require subsequent adjustments.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles

 

In applying the acquisition method of accounting, amounts assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were based on estimated fair values as of the date of acquisition, with the remainder recorded as goodwill. Identifiable intangible assets are initially valued at fair value using generally accepted valuation methods appropriate for the type of intangible asset. Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment if indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment within one year of acquisitions or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The fair value of intangible assets are compared with their carrying values, and an impairment loss would be recognized for the amount by which a carrying amount exceeds its fair value.

 

Acquired identifiable intangible assets are amortized over the following periods:

 

Acquired Intangible Asset

 

Amortization Basis

  Expected Life (years)  
Customer-Related   Straight-line basis       5-15   
Marketing-Related   Straight-line basis       4   
Technology-Based   In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis       3   

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (Topic 606) using the modified retrospective approach applied to those contracts in effect as of January 1, 2018. Under this transition method, results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under the new standard, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. See the Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements section below for further discussion of the adoption of Topic 606, including the impact on our 2018 financial statements.

 

The Company generates substantially all revenues from providing professional services to clients. A single contract could include one or multiple performance obligations. For those contracts that have multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the total transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price, which is determined based on our overall pricing objectives, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors.

 

Revenue is recognized when control of the goods and services provided are transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services using the following steps: 1) identify the contract; 2) identify the performance obligations; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and 5) recognize revenue as or when the Company satisfies the performance obligations. The Company typically satisfies performance obligations for professional services over time as the related services are provided.

 

The Company generates revenues under three types of billing arrangements: time-and-expense; fixed-fee; and franchise fees.

 

Time-and-expense billing arrangements require the client to pay based on the number of hours worked by revenue-generating staff at agreed upon rates. The Company recognize revenues under time-and-expense arrangements as the related services are provided, using the right to invoice practical expedient which allows us to recognize revenue in the amount that the Company has a right to invoice, based on the number of hours worked and the agreed upon hourly rates.

 

In fixed-fee billing arrangements, the Company agrees to a pre-established fee in exchange for a predetermined set of professional services or deliverables. The Company sets the fees based on our estimates of the costs and timing for completing the engagements. The Company generally recognizes revenues under fixed-fee billing arrangements using a proportionate performance approach, which is based on the cost of the work completed to-date versus our estimates of the total cost of the services to be provided under the engagement. Estimates of total engagement revenues and cost of services are monitored regularly during the term of the engagement. If our estimates indicate a potential loss, such loss is recognized in the period in which the loss first becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

 

The Company collects initial franchise fees when franchise agreements are signed. The Company recognizes franchise fee revenue over the estimated life of the franchise, beginning with the opening of the franchise, which is when the Company has performed substantially all initial services required by the franchise agreement and the franchisee benefits from the rights afforded by the franchise agreement. Royalties from individual franchises are earned based upon the terms in the franchising agreement which are generally the greater of $1,000 or 8% of the franchisee’s monthly gross sales.

 

Expense reimbursements that are billable to clients are included in total revenues and cost of revenue.

 

The payment terms and conditions in our customer contracts vary. Differences in the circumstances under which the Company is entitled to bill clients results in the recognition of revenue as either unbilled services or deferred revenues in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Revenues recognized for services performed, but not yet billed to clients, are recorded as unbilled services. Revenues recognized, but for which the Company has not yet been entitled to bill because certain events must occur, such as the completion of the measurement period or client approval, are recorded as contract assets and included within unbilled services. Client prepayments and retainers are classified as deferred revenues and recognized over future periods, as earned, in accordance with the applicable engagement agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $117,636 of deferred revenue, of which $12,333 and $42,636, was recognized for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

 

See Note 3 Revenue Recognition, for information on revenues disaggregated by contract type.

 

Advertising

 

The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Such costs were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

Use of Estimates

 

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing financial statements. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to collectability of accounts receivable, fair value of debt and equity instruments and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Income Taxes

 

We use the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in the authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes. This method requires an asset and liability approach for the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is more likely than not that their benefits will not be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its net deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.

 

The tax effects of uncertain tax positions are recognized in the consolidated financial statements only if the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. For tax positions meeting the more likely than not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. It is our accounting policy to account for ASC 740-10-related penalties and interest as a component of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

As of September 30, 2018, our evaluation revealed no uncertain tax positions that would have a material impact on the financial statements. The 2014 through 2017 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS, as of September 30, 2018. Our management does not believe that any reasonably possible changes will occur within the next twelve months that will have a material impact on the financial statements.

 

Tax Cut and Jobs Act

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Act”) was enacted, which changes U.S. tax law and includes various provisions that impact the Company. The 2017 Act effects the Company by (i) changing U.S. tax rates, (ii) increasing the Company’s ability to utilize accumulated net operating losses generated after December 31, 2017 and (iii) limiting the Company’s ability to deduct interest.

 

The 2017 Act instituted fundamental changes to the U.S. tax system. Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the 2017 Act. In accordance with SAB 118, management calculated its best estimate of the impact of the 2017 Act in the 2017 year-end income tax provision in accordance with their understanding of the 2017 Act and available guidance. Also pursuant to SAB 118, certain additional impacts of the 2017 Act remain open during the measurement period, including state tax impacts of the 2017 Act. As of the close of the third quarter, the Company continues to analyze the 2017 Act in its entirety and refine its calculations, which could potentially impact the measurement of recorded tax balances. Any subsequent adjustment to the tax balances resulting from the analysis of the 2017 Act, will be recorded to income tax expense when the analysis is completed.

 

Equity-Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes equity-based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures. Total equity-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $86,879 and $107,321, respectively, and for the nine months end September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $295,684 and $227,470, respectively.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The use of the Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the use of subjective assumptions, including the fair value and projected volatility of the underlying common stock and the expected term of the award.

 

The fair value of each option granted has been estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the assumptions below during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. No options were issued during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

  Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Risk-free interest rate 1.00% - 1.99%
Expected term 0.3 – 6 years
Volatility 70%
Dividend yield 0%
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 0% - 30%

 

Risk-Free Interest Rate The yield on actively traded non-inflation indexed U.S. Treasury notes with the same maturity as the expected term of the underlying grants was used as the average risk-free interest rate.

 

Expected Term – The expected term of options granted was determined based on management’s expectations of the options granted which are expected to remain outstanding.

 

Expected Volatility Because the Company’s common stock has only been publicly traded since late August 2017, there is not a substantive share price history to calculate volatility and, as such, the Company has elected to use the calculated value method.

 

Dividend Yield – The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires an expected dividend yield as an input. The Company has not issued common stock dividends in the past nor does the Company expect to issue common stock dividends in the future.

 

Forfeiture Rate – This is the estimated percentage of equity grants that are expected to be forfeited or cancelled on an annual basis before becoming fully vested. The Company estimates the forfeiture rate based on past turnover data, level of employee receiving the equity grant, and vesting terms, and revises the rate if subsequent information indicates that the actual number of instruments that will vest is likely to differ from the estimate. The cumulative effect on current and prior periods of a change in the estimated number of awards likely to vest is recognized in compensation cost in the period of the change.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 because of the relatively short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying amount reported for long-term debt approximates fair value as of September 30, 2018, given management’s evaluation of the instrument’s current rate compared to market rates of interest and other factors.

 

The determination of fair value is based upon the fair value framework established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value (listed from low to high):

 

Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.

 

The Company had a note receivable at December 31, 2017 and determined that $1,475,000 approximated its recorded value. The Company sold the note in February 2018 for proceeds of $1,400,000.

 

The Company’s goodwill and other intangible assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs.

 

The Company has concluded that its Series A Preferred Stock is a Level 3 financial instrument and that the fair value approximates the carrying value due to the proximity of the date of the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to independent third-parties. There were no changes in levels during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable are minimal due to the collection history and the nature of the Company’s client base. The Company limits its credit risk with respect to cash by maintaining cash balances with high-quality financial institutions. At times, the Company’s cash may exceed U.S. Federally insured limits, and as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $892,244 and $1,707,212, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents on deposit that exceeded the federally insured limit.

 

Earnings per Share

 

Basic earnings per share, or EPS, is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, except for periods of net loss for which no potentially dilutive securities are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options or warrants using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive securities issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock are calculated using the if-converted method.

 

The Company calculates basic and diluted earnings per common share using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are allocated to each class of common stock and participating security as if all of the net earnings for the period had been distributed. Participating securities consist of preferred stock that contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends and therefore are considered to participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders.

 

On August 28, 2017, the Company effected a 1.9339-to-1 stock exchange related to the Brekford Merger. The per share amounts for the quarterly financial statements of the Company show the effect of the exchange on earnings per share as if the exchange occurred at the beginning of 2017.

 

Segment Reporting

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, requires that an enterprise report selected information about reportable segments in its financial reports issued to its stockholders. Based on its analysis of current operations, management has determined that the Company has only one operating segment, which is Novume. Management will continue to reevaluate its segment reporting as the Company grows and matures. However, the chief operating decision-makers currently use combined results to make operating and strategic decisions, and, therefore, the Company believes its entire operation is currently covered under a single reportable segment.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Not Yet Adopted

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of share-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with the accounting for employee share-based compensation. ASU 2018-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. We will adopt the provisions of this ASU in the first quarter of 2019. Adoption of the new standard is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying or adding certain disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. We are currently evaluating the effect that ASU 2018-13 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued new guidance related to accounting for hedging activities. This guidance expands strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, changes how many hedging relationships are presented in the financial statements and simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The standard will be effective for us beginning July 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any interim or annual period before the effective date. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial statements, including accounting policies, processes, and systems.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting. An entity will account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value of the modified award is the same as the original award, the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the original award and the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or liability instrument is the same as the original award. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The update is to be adopted prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this update but does not believe it will have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the update requires only a single-step quantitative test to identify and measure impairment based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. A qualitative assessment may still be completed first for an entity to determine if a quantitative impairment test is necessary. The update is effective for fiscal year 2021 and is to be adopted on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company will test goodwill for impairment within one year of the acquisition or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, as part of its simplification initiatives. The update requires that an entity recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, rather than deferring the recognition until the asset has been sold to an outside party as is required under current GAAP. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The new standard will require adoption on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU is a comprehensive new leases standard that amends various aspects of existing guidance for leases and requires additional disclosures about leasing arrangements. It will require companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases in the previous lease guidance. The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years; earlier adoption is permitted. In the financial statements in which the ASU is first applied, leases shall be measured and recognized at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented with an adjustment to equity. Practical expedients are available for election as a package and if applied consistently to all leases. An additional update was issued by FASB in January 2018 to ASC Topic 842.

 

The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and the related update on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments which requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

There are currently no other accounting standards that have been issued, but not yet adopted, that will have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows upon adoption.

 

Recently Adopted

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as a new Topic, ASC Topic 606, which supersedes existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and creates a single framework. Additional updates to ASC Topic 606 issued by the FASB in 2015 and 2016 include the following:

 

ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of the new guidance such that the new provisions will now be required for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.

 

ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations (reporting revenue gross versus net).

 

ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarifies the implementation guidance on identifying performance obligations and classifying licensing arrangements.

 

ASU No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies the implementation guidance in a number of other areas.

 

The underlying principle is to use a five-step analysis of transactions to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard permits the use of either a retrospective or modified retrospective application. ASU 2014-09 and ASU 2016-12 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related amendments (referred to collectively hereinafter as “Topic 606”) using the modified retrospective method. Novume has aggregated and reviewed all contracts at the date of initial application that are within the scope of Topic 606, excluding time-and-expense contracts at AOC Key Solutions and Global since Topic 606 does not have a material impact on time-and-expense contracts. The impact of adopting Topic 606 to the Company relate to: (1) a change to franchisee agreements recorded prior to 2017; and (2) the timing of certain contractual agreements, which the Company deemed as immaterial. Revenue recognition related to the Company’s other revenue streams will remain substantially unchanged (see Note 3 for the effects of adopting Topic 606).

v3.10.0.1
REVENUE RECOGNITION
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Revenue Recognition [Abstract]  
REVENUE RECOGNITION

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued new revenue recognition guidance to provide a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers. Under the new guidance, an entity will recognize revenue at an amount that the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. A five-step model has been introduced for an entity to apply when recognizing revenue. The new guidance also includes enhanced disclosure requirements (see Note 2).

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective method. The Company has aggregated and reviewed all contracts at the date of initial application that are within the scope of Topic 606, excluding time-and-expense contracts at AOC Key Solutions and Global since Topic 606 does not have a material impact on time-and-expense contracts. Based on its evaluation, the adoption of Topic 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s balance sheet or related consolidated statements of operations, equity or cash flows. Therefore, prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under ASC 605.

 

The impact of adopting Topic 606 to the Company as of January 1, 2018 relate to: (1) a change to franchisee agreements recorded prior to 2017 of $22,000 which will be amortized over remaining term of the franchisee agreements; and (2) the timing of certain contractual agreements which amounted to $45,000 and subsequently recognized as revenue in nine months ended September 30, 2018 resulting in (3) an increase in each of deferred revenue and accumulated deficit of $67,000. The impact of adopting Topic 606 on our consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2018 is a $53,250 reduction to deferred revenue. The impact of adopting Topic 606 on our consolidated income statement for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is a $53,250 increase in revenue. Revenue recognition related to the Company’s other revenue streams will remain substantially unchanged. As of September 30, 2018, approximately $13,750 of deferred revenue recognized upon adoption of Topic 606 is expected to be recognized from remaining performance obligations for a franchise contract over the next 15 months.

 

Revenues were as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2018     Nine Months Ended September 30 2018  
Time & Materials   $ 11,436,918     $ 32,123,199  
Fixed Price     1,671,350       4,502,197  
Franchising     40,580       80,385  
Total   $ 13,148,848     $ 36,705,781  

 

v3.10.0.1
ACQUISITIONS
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Acquisitions  
ACQUISITION

Secure Education Consultants Acquisition

 

On January 1, 2018, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of Secure Education through Firestorm. Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: (a) $99,197 in cash, (b) 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332; (c) warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $5.44 per share, valued at $65,988 and (d) warrants to purchase 33,333 of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $6.53 per share, valued at $57,484.

 

As the Secure Education acquisition has recently been completed, the Company is currently in the process of completing the preliminary purchase price allocation treating the Secure Education acquisition as a business combination. The preliminary purchase price has been allocated to the assets acquired based on fair values as of the acquisition date. The final purchase price allocation for Secure Education will be included in the Company’s financial statements in future periods. The table below shows preliminary analysis for the Secure Education asset purchase:

 

Cash paid   $ 99,197  
Common stock issued     163,332  
Warrants issued, at $5.44     65,988  
Warrants issued, at $6.53     57,484  
Total consideration     386,001  
Less intangible and intellectual property     (386,001 )
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

 

BC Management Acquisition

 

On December 31, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of BC Management through Firestorm. Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: (a) $100,000 in cash, (b) 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332, and (c) warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $5.44 per share, valued at $65,988 and (d) warrants to purchase 33,333 of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $6.53 per share, valued at $57,484.

 

The preliminary purchase price has been allocated to the assets acquired based on fair values as of the acquisition date.

 

The Company is currently in the process of completing the preliminary purchase price allocation as an acquisition of certain assets. The final purchase price allocation for BC Management will be included in the Company’s financial statements in future periods. The table below shows preliminary analysis for the BC Management asset purchase:

 

Cash paid   $ 100,000  
Common stock issued     163,332  
Warrants issued, at $5.44     65,988  
Warrants issued, at $6.53     57,484  
Total consideration     386,804  
Less intangible and intellectual property     (386,804 )
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

 

Global Acquisition

 

On October 1, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of Global by purchasing Global Technical Services, Inc. (“GTS”) and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (“GCP”). Consideration paid as part of the Global acquisition included: (a) $750,000 in cash, (b) 375,000 shares of Novume common stock valued at $566,288 and (c) 240,861 shares of Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Novume Series B Preferred Stock”) valued at $2,408,610. In addition to the merger consideration, Novume paid $365,037 to satisfy in full all of the outstanding debt of GTS and GCP at closing, except for certain intercompany debt and ordinary course debt, and amounts due under (a) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GTS and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility”) and (b) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GCP and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GCP Wells Fargo Credit Facility” and together with the GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility, the “Wells Fargo Credit Facilities”), which have remained in effect following the consummation of the Global Acquisition. In connection with the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, Novume delivered general continuing guaranties, dated September 29, 2017 to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, guaranteeing the Guaranteed Obligations of GTS and GCP (as defined in the Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements) under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, and paid $175,000 in the aggregate to reduce the current borrowed amounts under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities as of October 1, 2017. Additionally, Novume assumed $2,462,276 of Global’s liabilities.

 

As part of the Global acquisition, the Company issued 240,861 shares of $0.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of Global. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.12% (4.48% per annum) per share. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume (see Note 10). The Company measured the holdback consideration in April 2018 and determined that the contingent liability should be decreased by $94,657. In accordance with ASC 805-10-25, a contingent consideration classified as an asset or liability shall be recognized in earnings, and $94,657 was recognized as other income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company paid $78,342 of the holdback consideration. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $27,001 and $200,000, respectively, of holdback consideration included in accrued expenses.

 

The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Global acquisition:

 

Assets acquired   $ 4,384,668  
Liabilities acquired     (4,384,417 )
Net assets acquired     251  
Less intangible assets     2,574,000  
Consideration paid (see below)     4,264,934  
Net goodwill recorded   $ 1,690,683  
         
Cash consideration   $ 550,000  
Cash paid towards acquired liabilities     540,037  
Total cash paid     1,090,037  
Holdback consideration     200,000  
Common stock consideration     566,288  
Series B Preferred Stock consideration     2,408,610  
Total acquisition consideration   $ 4,264,934  

 

The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, includes approximately $2.6 million of intangible and intellectual property and approximately $1.7 million of goodwill.

 

Brekford Acquisition

 

On August 28, 2017, the mergers by and among Novume, KeyStone, Brekford, Brekford Merger Sub, Inc., and KeyStone Merger Sub, LLC, were consummated (the “Brekford Merger”). As a result, Brekford became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Novume, and Brekford Merger Sub ceased to exist. KeyStone Merger Sub, LLC also became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Novume, and KeyStone Solutions, Inc. ceased to exist. When KeyStone Merger Sub, Inc. filed its certificate of merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, it immediately effectuated a name-change to KeyStone Solutions, LLC, the name by which it is now known.

 

Upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the merger consideration was issued in accordance with the terms of the merger agreement. Immediately upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the pre-merger stockholders of KeyStone owned approximately 80% or 13,548,837 of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Novume on a fully-diluted basis, and the pre-merger stockholders of Brekford owned approximately 20% or 3,375,084 shares of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Novume on a fully-diluted basis.

 

The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Brekford acquisition:

 

Common stock issued   $ 5,851,193  
Total consideration     5,851,193  
Less cash received     (1,943,778 )
Less note receivable     (2,000,000 )
Less other assets     (1,139,007 )
Less intangible assets     (558,412 )
Plus liabilities assumed     1,191,937  
Net goodwill recorded   $ 1,401,933  

 

The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, includes approximately $0.6 million of intangible and intellectual property and approximately $1.4 million of goodwill.

 

Firestorm Acquisition

 

On January 25, 2017 (the “Firestorm Closing Date”), Novume acquired Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively, the “Firestorm Entities”).

 

Membership Interest Purchase Agreement

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “MIPA”), by and among Novume, the Firestorm Entities, the Members of the Firestorm Entities (described below), and a newly-created acquisition subsidiary of Novume, Firestorm Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Firestorm Holdings”), Novume acquired all of the membership interests in each of the Firestorm Entities for the following consideration:

 

$500,000 in cash in the aggregate paid by Novume as of the Firestorm Closing Date to the three principals (Harry W. Rhulen, Suzanne Loughlin, and James W. Satterfield, collectively the “Firestorm Principals”) of Firestorm. Of that aggregate amount $250,000 was paid to Mr. Satterfield, and $125,000 was paid to each of Mr. Rhulen and Ms. Loughlin;

 

$1,000,000 in the aggregate in the form of four unsecured, subordinated promissory notes issued by Novume with interest payable over, and principal due after, five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, to all the Members of the Firestorm Entities (consisting of the Firestorm Principals and Lancer Financial Group, Inc. (“Lancer”)). The principal amount of the note payable to Lancer is $500,000 (the “Lancer Note”). The principal amount of the note payable to Mr. Rhulen is $166,666.66. The principal amount of the notes payable to each of Mr. Satterfield and Ms. Loughlin is $166,666.67. (The notes payable to Mr. Rhulen, Ms. Loughlin and Mr. Satterfield are individually referred to herein as a “Firestorm Principal Note” and collectively, as the “Firestorm Principal Notes”). The Firestorm Principal Notes are payable at an interest rate of 2% and the Lancer Note is payable at an interest rate of 7%. $907,407 was recorded to notes payable to reflect the net fair value of the notes issued due to the difference in interest rates. The Lancer Note also has a capped subordination of $7,000,000, subject to the consent of Lancer;

 

Each of the Firestorm Principals was issued 162,698 (315,625 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, for an aggregate issuance of 488,094 (946,875 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock;

 

Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $2.5744 per share; and

 

Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $3.6083 per share.

 

The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Firestorm acquisition:

 

Cash paid   $ 500,000  
Notes payable issued     907,407  
Common stock issued     976,286  
Warrants issued, at $2.58     125,411  
Warrants issued, at $3.61     102,289  
Total consideration     2,611,393  
Less cash received     (82,296 )
Less other assets     (137,457 )
Less intangible and intellectual property     (2,497,686 )
Plus liabilities assumed     106,046  
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

 

The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed includes approximately $2.5 million of intangible and intellectual property. In connection with the acquisition, Novume has also entered into employment agreements with three of the founders of the Firestorm Entities as set forth below.

 

Harry W. Rhulen Employment Agreement

 

The Rhulen Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date his employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as President of Novume Solutions, Inc. His base salary will be $275,000 per annum, and he will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Mr. Rhulen will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume. Mr. Rhulen has been granted options to purchase 155,195 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share. Effective October 11, 2018, Mr. Rhulen changed position from President of Novume to Executive Vice-President of Firestorm.

 

Suzanne Loughlin Employment Agreement

 

The Loughlin Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date her employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as General Counsel and Chief Administrative Officer of Novume Solutions, Inc. Her base salary will be $225,000 per annum, and she will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Ms. Loughlin will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume. Ms. Loughlin has been granted options to purchase 155,195 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share.

 

James W. Satterfield Employment Agreement

 

The Satterfield Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date his employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as President and Chief Executive Officer of each of the Firestorm Entities. His base salary will be $225,000 per annum, and he will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Mr. Satterfield will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume or its subsidiaries. Mr. Satterfield has been granted options to purchase 96,997 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share.

 

Operations of Combined Entities

 

The following unaudited pro-forma combined financial information gives effect to the acquisition of Firestorm, the merger with Brekford and the acquisition of Global as if they were consummated as of January 1, 2017. The pro-forma financial information for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 does not include BC Management and Secure Education as it was deemed immaterial. This unaudited pro-forma financial information is presented for information purposes only and is not intended to present actual operating results that would have been attained had the acquisitions been completed as of January 1, 2017 (the beginning of the earliest period presented) or to project potential operating results as of any future date or for any future periods.

 

    For the three months ended September 30,     For the nine months ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Revenues   $ 13,148,848     $ 10,674,716     $ 36,705,781     $ 31,824,716  
Net income (loss)   $ (503,834 )   $ (1,002,345 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (3,061,031 )
Basic earnings (loss) per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.27 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.27 )
                                 
Basic Number of Shares     14,542,362       14,323,018       14,524,030       13,592,532  
Diluted Number of Shares     14,542,362       14,323,018       14,524,030       13,592,532  

 

v3.10.0.1
INVESTMENT AT COST AND NOTES RECEIVABLE
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Investment At Cost And Notes Receivable  
INVESTMENT AT COST AND NOTES RECEIVABLE

On February 28, Brekford contributed substantially all of the assets and certain liabilities related to its vehicle services business to Global Public Safety, LLC (“GPS”) and sold units representing 80.1% of the units of GPS to LB&B Associates Inc. (“LB&B”) for $6,048,394, after certain purchase price adjustments of prepaid expenses and unbilled customer deposits. $4,048,394 was paid in cash, and $2,000,000 was paid by LB&B issuing the Company a promissory note receivable (the “GPS Promissory Note”). After the GPS closing, the Company continues to own 19.9% of the units of GPS after the transaction. The Company is accounting for this as an investment at cost.

 

The GPS Promissory Note is subordinated to the LB&B’s senior lender, matures on March 31, 2022, accrues interest at a rate of 3% per annum and is secured pursuant to the terms of a Pledge granting the Company a continuing second priority lien and security interest in the LB&B’s units of GPS subject to liens of the LB&B’s senior lender. In December 2017, the Company reclassified the note receivable balance to a current asset and wrote down $450,000 based on the decision to sell the note receivable to an unrelated third party. The current portion of note receivable was $0 and $1,475,000 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The sale was consummated on February 13, 2018 and the Company received proceeds of $1,475,000 in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. In connection with the sale of the GPS Promissory Note, the Company indemnified the unrelated third-party buyer for any amounts of principal and interest not paid by LB&B.

 

v3.10.0.1
IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Identifiable Intangible Assets  
IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The following provides a breakdown of identifiable intangible assets as of September 30, 2018:

 

    Customer Relationships     Marketing Related     Technology Based     Total  
Identifiable intangible assets, gross   $ 5,588,677     $ 730,000     $ 83,412     $ 6,402,089  
Accumulated amortization     (1,123,201 )     (189,091 )     (6,951 )     (1,319,243 )
Identifiable intangible assets, net   $ 4,465,476     $ 540,909     $ 76,461     $ 5,082,846  

 

In connection with the acquisition of Firestorm, Global and Brekford, the Company identified intangible assets of $2,497,686, $2,574,000 and $558,412, respectively, representing trade names, customer relationships and technology. In addition, as of December 31, 2017, intangibles attributable to the asset acquisition of BC Management totaled $386,804, and as of January 1, 2018, intangibles attributable to the asset acquisition of Secure Education totaled $386,001. These assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their weighted average estimated useful life of 7.8 years. Amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $262,245 and $327,120, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $772,833 and $327,120, respectively.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the estimated annual amortization expense for each of the next five fiscal years is as follows:

 

2018 (remainder of year)   $ 262,245  
2019     1,048,980  
2020     1,048,980  
2021     982,876  
2022     238,155  
Thereafter     1,501,610  
Total   $ 5,082,846  

 

v3.10.0.1
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Supplemental Disclosures Of Cash Flow Information  
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was as follows:

 

    For the Nine Months Ended  
    2018     2017  
Cash paid for interest   $ 393,689     $ 33,429  
Cash paid for taxes   $ -     $ -  
                 
Common stock issued in connection with note payable   $ 126,001     $ -  
Warrants issued in connection with issuance of Series A Preferred Stock   $ -     $ 67,491  
                 
Business Combinations/Asset Acquisitions:                
Current Assets   $ -     $ 1,044,893  
Property and equipment, net   $ 31,824     $ 268,398  
Intangible assets   $ 386,001     $ 2,498,737  
Goodwill   $ -     $ 1,960,328  
Other non-current assets   $ -     $ 1,962,140  
Assumed liabilities   $ -     $ (1,258,905 )
Deferred revenue   $ -     $ (22,493 )
Other non-current liabilities   $ -     $ (16,584 )
Issuance of common stock   $ (163,332 )   $ (7,055,179 )
Notes payable   $ (31,824 )   $ (907,407 )
Issuance of common stock warrants   $ (123,472 )   $ -  

 

On April 7, 2017, Novume paid cash dividends of $75,694 to shareholders of record of Series A Preferred Stock as of March 30, 2017. On July 8, 2017, October 7, 2017, January 5, 2018, April 6, 2018 and July 9, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 to shareholders of record of Series A Preferred Stock as of the end of the previous month. On January 5, 2018, April 6, 2018 and July 9, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $27,001 to shareholders of record of Series B Preferred Stock as of the end of the previous month. On September 30, 2018, the Company accrued dividends of $87,907 to Series A Preferred Stock shareholders of record as of September 30, 2018. On September 30, 2018, the Company accrued dividends of $27,001 to Series B Preferred Stock shareholders of record as of September 30, 2018.

 

v3.10.0.1
DEBT
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Debt  
DEBT

Lines of Credit

 

Global and AOC Key Solutions have revolving lines of credit with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“WFB”) (the “Global Wells Agreements” and “AOC Wells Agreement”). The current terms of the Global Wells Agreements and AOC Wells Agreement run through December 31, 2018, with automatic renewal terms of 12 months and may be terminated by either party upon written notice at least 60, but no more than 120, days prior to the last day of the current term. WFB may also terminate either of these agreements at any time and for any reason upon 30 days’ written notice or without notice upon the occurrence of an Event of Default (as such term is defined in the agreement) after the expiration of any grace or cure period. As part of the lines of credit agreements, Global and AOC Key Solutions must maintain certain financial covenants. Global and AOC Key Solutions met all financial covenant requirements for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

WFB has agreed to advance to Global, 90% of all eligible accounts with a maximum facility amount of $5,000,000. Interest is payable under the Global Wells Agreements at a monthly rate equal to the Three-Month LIBOR in effect from time to time plus 3% plus the Margin. The Margin is 3%. Payment of the revolving lines of credit is secured by the accounts receivable of Global. The principal balance at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $1,510,234 and $2,057,259, respectively. As part of the lines of credit agreements, Global must maintain certain financial covenants. Global met all financial covenant requirements for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Pursuant to the AOC Wells Agreement, AOC Key Solutions agreed to sell and assign to WFB all of its Accounts (as such term is defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code), constituting accounts arising out of sales of Goods (as such term is defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) or rendition of services that WFB deems to be eligible for borrowing under the AOC Wells Agreement. WFB agreed to advance to AOC Key Solutions, 90% of all eligible accounts with a maximum facility amount of $3,000,000. Interest is payable under the AOC Wells Agreement at a monthly rate equal to the Daily One Month LIBOR in effect from time to time plus 5% (the “Contract Rate”). The AOC Wells Agreement also provides for a deficit interest rate equal to the then applicable interest rate plus 50% of the Contract Rate and a default interest rate equal to the then applicable interest rate or deficit interest rate, plus 50% of the Contract Rate. The principal balance at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $581,368 and $1,606,327, respectively. As part of the line of credit agreement, AOC Key Solutions must maintain certain financial covenants. AOC Key Solutions met all financial covenant requirements for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Short-Term and Long-Term Debt

 

Avon Road Note

 

On March 16, 2016, Novume entered into a Subordinated Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement (the “Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which Novume agreed to issue up to $1,000,000 in subordinated debt (the "Avon Road Note") and warrants to purchase up to 242,493 shares of Novume’s common stock (“Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants”). The exercise price for the Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants is equal to $1.031 per share of common stock. Subordinated notes with a face amount of $500,000 and Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants to purchase 121,247 shares of Novume’s common stock have been issued pursuant to the Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement to Avon Road Partners, L.P. (“Avon Road”), an affiliate of Robert Berman, Novume’s CEO and a member of Novume’s Board of Directors. The Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants had an expiration date of March 16, 2019 and qualified for equity accounting as the warrants did not fall within the scope of ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity. The fair value of the Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants was determined to be $58,520 and was recorded as a debt discount and additional paid-in capital in the 2016 consolidated financial statements. The debt discount is being amortized as interest expense on a straight-line basis through the maturity date of the note payable.

 

The Avon Road Note accrues simple interest on the unpaid principal at a rate equal to the lower of (a) 9% per annum, or (b) the highest rate permitted by applicable law. Interest is payable monthly, and the note was to mature on March 16, 2019. On October 23, 2018, the maturity date of this note was extended to March 16, 2020.

 

Firestorm Notes

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Novume acquisition of the membership interests in the Firestorm Entities, the Company issued $1,000,000 in the aggregate in the form of four unsecured, subordinated promissory notes issued by Novume with interest payable over five years after the Firestorm Closing Date. The principal amount of the note payable to Lancer is $500,000. The principal amount of the note payable to each of Mr. Rhulen, Mr. Satterfield and Ms. Loughlin is $166,667. The Firestorm Principal Notes are payable at an interest rate of 2% and the Lancer Note is payable at an interest rate of 7%. The notes mature on January 25, 2022. The Firestorm Principal Notes were recorded at fair value to reflect the difference in the interest rates. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the balance of these notes payable was $938,272 and $924,383, net of unamortized interest of $61,728 and $75,617, respectively.

 

April 2018 Promissory Note

 

On April 3, 2018, Novume and Brekford entered into a transaction pursuant to which an institutional investor (the “Lender”) loaned $2,000,000 to Novume and Brekford (the “April 2018 Promissory Note”). The loan was originally due and payable on May 1, 2019 and bears interest at 15% per annum, with a minimum of 15% interest payable if the loan is repaid prior to May 1, 2019. On October 24, 2018, Novume and Brekford entered into a note amendment with the Lender by which the maturity date of the note was extended to May 1, 2020. In consideration for the agreement of the Lender to extend the maturity date, the Company agreed to pay the Lender $62,500. The amendment further provides for payment of interest through May 1, 2019 if the principal is repaid before May 1, 2019 and for the payment of interest through May 1, 2020 if the principal is repaid after May 1, 2019 and before May 1, 2020. The loan is secured by a security interest in all of the assets of Brekford. In addition, Novume agreed to issue 35,000 shares of common stock to the Lender, which shares contain piggy-back registration rights. If the shares are not so registered on the next selling shareholder registration statement, Novume shall be obligated to issue an additional 15,000 shares to the Lender. Upon any sale of Brekford or its assets, the Lender will be entitled to receive 7% of any proceeds received by Novume or Brekford in excess of $5 million (the “Lender’s Participation”). In addition, commencing January 1, 2020, the Lender shall be paid 7% of Brekford’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, less any capital expenditures, which amount would be credited for any payments that might ultimately be paid to the Lender as its Lender’s Participation, if any. At April 3, 2018, the fair value of shares issued was $126,000 and designated as financing cost and the amortized financing cost for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was determined to be $29,076 and $58,152, respectively. The April 2018 Promissory note has an effective interest rate of 22.5%.

 

The principal amounts due for long-term notes payable are shown below:

 

2018   $ 975  
2019     4,388  
2020     2,504,665  
2021     4,959  
2022     1,005,273  
Thereafter     11,564  
Total     3,531,824  
         
Less unamortized interest     (61,728 )
Less unamortized financing costs     (75,560 )
      3,394,536  
Current portion of long-term debt     (4,241 )
Long-term debt   $ 3,390,295  

 

v3.10.0.1
INCOME TAXES
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Income Taxes  
INCOME TAXES

Our income tax provision for the three months ended September 30, 2018 was $22,082 compared to a benefit of $225,142 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in the tax benefit recorded is due primarily to the full valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets and a provision for state income taxes in 2018.

 

Our income tax provision for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $22,082, compared to a benefit of $964,377 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in the tax benefit recorded is due primarily to the full valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets and a provision for state income taxes in 2018. The Company established a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets during 2017 and has continued to maintain a full valuation allowance through the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Therefore, no tax benefit was recognized for the losses during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the United States and in various state and foreign jurisdictions. No U.S. Federal, state or foreign income tax audits were in process as of September 30, 2018.

 

Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is more likely than not that these benefits will not be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, Novume did not record any interest or penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits. It is the Company’s policy to record interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as part of income tax expense. The 2014 through 2017 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Act”) was enacted, which changes U.S. tax law and includes various provisions that impact our Company. The 2017 Act effects our Company by (i) changing U.S. tax rates, (ii) increasing the Company’s ability to use accumulated net operating losses generated after December 31, 2017, and (iii) limits the Company’s ability to deduct interest.

 

v3.10.0.1
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Stockholders' Equity Attributable to Parent [Abstract]  
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Common Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 30,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the issued and outstanding common shares of Novume were 14,545,695 and 14,463,364, respectively.

 

In January 2018, the Company issued 33,333 shares of Novume common stock as consideration as part of its acquisition of Secure Education.

 

In April 2018, the Company issued 35,000 shares of Novume common stock as additional consideration to the Lender in connection with the April 2018 Promissory Note.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 10,000 shares of Novume common stock related to the exercise of common stock options. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 82,331 shares of Novume common stock.

 

As part of its acquisition of Brekford on August 29, 2017, the Company assumed warrants to purchase 56,000 shares of Novume common stock (the “Brekford Warrants”) (see Note 11). Effective October 16, 2018, the Company entered into exchange agreements with holders of the Brekford Warrants pursuant to which the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 96,924 shares of common stock in exchange for the return of the warrants to the Company for cancellation.

 

On November 1, 2018, the Company issued 4,125,000 shares of common stock through an underwritten public offering at a public offering price of $0.80 per share. Net proceeds to the Company was approximately $2.8 million. In addition, the Company granted underwriters a 45-day option to purchase up to 618,750 additional shares of common stock to cover over-allotment, if any. As part of the consideration to the underwriters, the Company issued to the underwriters warrants to purchase an aggregate of 206,250 shares of common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The warrants are exercisable commencing April 27, 2019 and expire on October 29, 2023.

 

Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue up to 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value. The Company’s preferred stock may be entitled to preference over the common stock with respect to the distribution of assets of the Company in the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, or in the event of any other distribution of assets of the Company among its shareholders for the purpose of the winding-up of its affairs. The authorized but unissued shares of the preferred stock may be divided into, and issued in, designated series from time to time by one or more resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors of the Company. The Board of Directors of the Company, in its sole discretion, has the power to determine the relative powers, preferences and rights of each series of preferred stock.

 

Series A Cumulative Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock

 

Of the 2,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock, 500,000 shares were initially designated as $0.0001 par value Series A Cumulative Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The number of designated shares of the Series A Preferred Stock was increased to 505,000 shares on March 20, 2017.

 

In November 2016, Novume commenced its Regulation A Offering (the “Reg A Offering”) of up to 3,000,000 Units. Each Unit (post merger exchange) consisted of one share of Series A Preferred Stock and one Unit Warrant to purchase 0.48 shares of Novume’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.03 per share. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to quarterly dividends of 7.0% per annum per share.

 

The holders of Series A Preferred Stock have a put right to convert each share into common stock at an initial conversion price and a specified price which increases annually based on the passage of time beginning in November 2019. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock also have a put right after 60 months from the issuance date to redeem any or all of the Series A Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $15.00 per share plus any accrued but unpaid dividends. Novume has a call right after 36 months from the issuance date to redeem all of the Series A Preferred Stock at a redemption price which increases annually based on the passage of time beginning in November 2019. The Series A Preferred Stock contains an automatic conversion feature based on a qualified initial public offering in excess of $30,000,000 or a written agreement by at least two-thirds of the holders of Series A Preferred Stock at an initial conversion price and a specified price which increases annually based on the passage of time beginning in November 2016. Based on the terms of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Company concluded that the Series A Preferred Stock should be classified as temporary equity in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

The Reg A Offering Units were sold at $10 per Unit in minimum investment amounts of $5,000. There were three closings related to the sales of the Units. The gross proceeds, which the Company deemed to be fair value, from the first closing on December 23, 2016 totaled $3,015,700 with the issuance of 301,570 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 301,570 Unit Warrants. On January 23, 2017, the Company completed its second closing of the Reg A Offering for the sale and issuance of 119,757 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 119,757 Unit Warrants with the Company receiving aggregate gross proceeds of $1,197,570.

 

On March 21, 2017, the Company completed its third and final closing of the Reg A Offering for the sale and issuance of 81,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 81,000 Unit Warrants with the Company receiving aggregate gross proceeds of $810,000.

 

The aggregate total sold in the Reg A Offering through and including the third and final closing was 502,327 Units, or 502,327 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 502,327 Unit Warrants, for total gross proceeds to the Company of $5,023,270. The Reg A Offering is now closed.

 

Novume adjusts the value of the Series A Preferred Stock to redemption value at the end of each reporting period. The adjustment to the redemption value is recorded through additional paid in capital of $166,519 and $144,916 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $482,696 and $400,616 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, 502,327 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were issued and outstanding.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of $0.175 (7% per annum) per share. On December 31, 2017, the Company declared and accrued dividends of $87,907 payable to Series A shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017. On January 5, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 to Series A shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017. On April 6, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 to Series A shareholders of record as of March 31, 2018. On July 9, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 to Series A shareholders of record as of June 30, 2018. On September 30, 2018, the Company declared and accrued dividends of $87,907 payable to Series A shareholders of record as of September 30, 2018.

 

The Unit Warrants expire on November 8, 2023. The Unit Warrants are required to be measured at fair value at the time of issuance and classified as equity. The Company determined that under the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the aggregate fair value at the dates of issuance was $169,125. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, 502,327 Unit Warrants were outstanding.

  

Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock

 

Of the 2,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock, 240,861 shares are designated as $0.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the "Series B Preferred Stock"). As part of the Global Merger, the Company issued 240,861 shares of $0.0001 par value Series B Preferred Stock. All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of the Global Merger. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.121% (4.484% per annum) per share. On December 31, 2017, the Company declared and accrued dividends of $27,001 payable to Series B shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017. On January 5, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $27,001 to Series B shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017. On April 6, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $27,001 to Series B shareholders of record as of March 31, 2018. On July 9, 2018, the Company paid cash dividends of $27,001 to Series B shareholders of record as of June 30, 2018. On September 30, 2018, the Company accrued dividends of $27,001 to Series B Preferred Stock shareholders of record as of September 30, 2018.

 

Warrants

 

The Company has a total of 1,322,913 and 1,256,247 warrants issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. These warrants are exercisable and convertible for a total of 1,064,241 and 997,575 shares of Novume common stock as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

The exercise price for the Brekford Warrants is $7.50 and they expire on March 31, 2020. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were 56,000 Brekford Warrants outstanding (See Note 11). Effective October 16, 2018, the Company entered into exchange agreements with holders of the Brekford Warrants pursuant to which the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 96,924 shares of common stock in exchange for the return of the warrants to the Company for cancellation.

 

As part of the Reg A Offering in fiscal year 2016 and 2017, Novume issued 502,327 Unit Warrants to the holders of Series A Preferred Stock. The exercise price for these Unit Warrants is $1.03 and they are convertible into a total of 243,655 shares of Novume common stock. The Unit Warrants expire on November 23, 2023. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there are 502,327 Unit Warrants outstanding.

 

On March 16, 2016, Novume entered into a Subordinated Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement (the “Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which Novume agreed to issue up to $1,000,000 in subordinated debt and warrants to purchase up to 242,493 shares of Novume’s common stock (“Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants”). The exercise price for the Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants is equal to $1.031 per share of common stock. Subordinated notes with a face amount of $500,000 and Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants to purchase 121,247 shares of Novume’s common stock have been issued pursuant to the Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement to Avon Road Partners, L.P. (“Avon Road”), an affiliate of Robert Berman, Novume’s CEO and a member of Novume’s Board of Directors. These warrants were exercised on December 11, 2017 for proceeds of $125,006 and there are no Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

Pursuant to its acquisition of Firestorm on January 24, 2017, Novume issued warrants to purchase 315,627 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $2.5744 per share; and warrants to purchase 315,627 Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $3.6083 per share. The expiration date of the Firestorm warrants is January 24, 2022. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there are 631,254 Firestorm warrants outstanding.

 

Pursuant to its acquisition of BC Management on December 31, 2017, Novume issued warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $5.44 per share; and warrants to purchase 33,333 Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $6.53 per share. The expiration date of the BC Management warrants is December 31, 2022. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there are 66,666 BC Management warrants outstanding.

 

Pursuant to its acquisition of Secure Education on January 1, 2018, Novume issued warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $5.44 per share; and warrants to purchase 33,333 Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $6.53 per share. The expiration date of the Secure Education warrants is January 1, 2023. As of September 30, 2018, there are 66,666 Secure Education warrants outstanding.

 

On November 1, 2018, the Company issued warrants to purchase 206,250 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The warrants may not be exercised until April 27, 2019 and expire on October 29, 2023.

 

v3.10.0.1
WARRANT DERIVATIVE LIABILITY
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Warrant Derivative Liability  
WARRANT DERIVATIVE LIABILITY

On March 17, 2015, Brekford issued the Brekford Warrants which permit the holders to purchase at any time over five years, up to 56,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $7.50 per share.

 

The Brekford Warrants exercise price is subject to anti-dilution adjustments that allow for its reduction in the event the Company subsequently issues equity securities, including shares of common stock or any security convertible or exchangeable for shares of common stock, for no consideration or for consideration less than $7.50 a share. The Company accounted for the conversion option of the Brekford Warrants in accordance with ASC Topic 815. Accordingly, the conversion option is not considered to be solely indexed to the Company’s own stock and, as such, is recorded as a liability. The derivative liability associated with the Brekford Warrant has been measured at fair value at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 using the Black Scholes option-pricing model. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model are as follows: (i) dividend yield of 0%; (ii) expected volatility of 70.0%; (iii) weighted average risk-free interest rate of 1.89%-2.81%; (iv) expected life of 1.46-2.21 years; and (v) estimated fair value of the common stock of $1.22-$4.90 per share.

 

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the outstanding fair value of the derivative liability, which is included in accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets, was $851 and $78,228, respectively.

 

Effective October 16, 2018, the Company entered into exchange agreements with holders of the Brekford Warrants pursuant to which the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 96,924 shares of common stock in exchange for the return of the warrants to the Company for cancellation.

 

v3.10.0.1
COMMON STOCK OPTION AGREEMENT
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Common Stock Option Agreement  
COMMON STOCK OPTION AGREEMENT

On March 16, 2016, two stockholders of the Company entered into an option agreement with Avon Road (collectively, the “Avon Road Parties”). Under the terms of this agreement Avon Road paid the stockholders $10,000 each (a total of $20,000) for the right to purchase, on a simultaneous and pro-rata basis, up to 4,318,856 shares of Novume’s common stock owned by those two shareholders at $0.52 per share. The option agreement had a two-year term which expires on March 16, 2018. On September 7, 2017, the Avon Road Parties entered into an amended and restated option agreement which extended the right to exercise the option up to and including March 21, 2019.

 

v3.10.0.1
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Commitments And Contingencies  
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Operating Leases

 

AOC Key Solutions leases office space in Chantilly, Virginia under the terms of a ten-year lease expiring October 31, 2019. The lease contains one five-year renewal option. The lease terms include an annual increase in base rent and expenses of 2.75%, which have been amortized ratably over the lease term. AOC Key Solutions also leases office space in New Orleans, Louisiana under the terms of a three-year lease which expired on May 31, 2018, and lease payments are currently being made on a month-to-month basis.

 

Firestorm leases office space in Roswell, Georgia under the terms of a lease expiring on January 31, 2022 and in Grand Rapids, Michigan under a seven-year lease expiring in October 2023.

 

Brekford leases office space from Global Public Safety, LLC on a month-to-month basis. Brekford also leases space under an operating lease expiring on December 31, 2018.

 

Global leases office space in Fort Worth, Texas under the terms of a lease expiring on January 31, 2022.

 

Rent expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $210,148 and $193,985, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $608,943 and $575,181, respectively, and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the future obligations over the primary terms of Novume’s long-term leases expiring through 2023 are as follows:

 

2018 (remainder of year)   $ 192,046  
2019     624,228  
2020     190,599  
2021     101,386  
2022     38,873  
Thereafter     30,393  
Total   $ 1,177,525  

 

The Company is the lessor in an agreement to sublease office space in Chantilly, Virginia with an initial term of two years with eight one-year options to renew the sublease through October 31, 2019. The lease provides for an annual increase in base rent and expenses of 2.90%. The initial term ended October 31, 2011 and the Company exercised the renewal options through 2015. On April 7, 2015, the month-to-month lease was amended to sublease more space to the subtenant and change the rental calculation. The sublease agreement provided for an offset of $45,634 to rent expense for each of the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and $136,901 for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

NeoSystems

 

The Company planned to acquire NeoSystems LLC (“NeoSystems”) through a forward merger under an agreement entered into on November 16, 2017. The consummation of the merger was subject to, among other things, the completion of the Qualifying Offering by February 28, 2018, the proceeds of which were expected to be used in connection with the contemplated acquisition of NeoSystems. The Company has not yet completed this offering.

 

On March 7, 2018, we received notice of termination of the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “NeoSystems Merger Agreement”). The stated basis of termination by NeoSystems was due to the Company’s failure to complete a Qualifying Offering, as defined in the NeoSystems Merger Agreement, by February 28, 2018. The terms of the NeoSystems Merger Agreement provide that upon termination, the Company is required to pay certain fees and expenses of legal counsel, financial advisors, investment bankers and accountants, which shall not exceed in the aggregate $450,000. The Company reserves all rights under applicable law with respect to the NeoSystems Merger Agreement.

 

OpenALPR

 

On September 17, 2018, the Company entered into a Letter of Intent with OpenALPR which sets forth the parties’ intent to consummate a transaction pursuant to which the Company will acquire the assets of OpenALPR. The consideration for the transaction will be approximately $15 million, comprised of cash, or cash and the Company’s common stock (up to $5,000,000 based on a price per share of $5.00), at the election of OpenALPR. OpenALPR is a privately-held Boston, Massachusetts-based company that provides automated license plate reader (ALPR) technology used by both law enforcement and commercial clients. This transaction is subject to closing conditions, including satisfactory completion of due diligence, entry into definitive agreements, and consummation of a financing transaction. The Company contemplates closing the transaction on or before February 28, 2019.

 

v3.10.0.1
EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Equity Incentive Plan  
EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN

In August 2017, the Company approved and adopted the 2017 Equity Award Plan (the “2017 Plan”) which replaced the 2016 Equity Award Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The 2017 Plan permits the granting of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted and unrestricted stock awards, phantom stock, performance awards and other stock-based awards for the purpose of attracting and retaining quality employees, directors and consultants. Maximum awards available under the 2017 Plan were initially set at 3,000,000 shares. To date, only stock options have been issued under the 2016 Plan and the 2017 Plan.

 

Stock Options

 

Stock options granted under the 2017 Plan may be either incentive stock options (“ISOs”) or non-qualified stock options (“NSOs”). ISOs may be granted to employees and NSOs may be granted to employees, directors, or consultants. Stock options are granted at exercise prices as determined by the Board of Directors. The vesting period is generally three to four years with a contractual term of 10 years.

 

The 2017 Plan is administered by the Administrator, which is currently the Board of Directors of the Company. The Administrator has the exclusive authority, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the 2017 Plan, to determine all matters relating to awards under the 2017 Plan, including the selection of individuals to be granted an award, the type of award, the number of shares of Novume common stock subject to an award, and all terms, conditions, restrictions and limitations, if any, including, without limitation, vesting, acceleration of vesting, exercisability, termination, substitution, cancellation, forfeiture, or repurchase of an award and the terms of any instrument that evidences the award.

 

Novume has also designed the 2017 Plan to include a number of provisions that Novume’s management believes promote best practices by reinforcing the alignment of equity compensation arrangements for nonemployee directors, officers, employees, consultants and stockholders’ interests. These provisions include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

No Discounted Awards. Awards that have an exercise price cannot be granted with an exercise price less than the fair market value on the grant date.

 

No Repricing Without Stockholder Approval. Novume cannot, without stockholder approval, reduce the exercise price of an award (except for adjustments in connection with a Novume recapitalization), and at any time when the exercise price of an award is above the market value of Novume common stock, Novume cannot, without stockholder approval, cancel and re-grant or exchange such award for cash, other awards or a new award at a lower (or no) exercise price.

 

No Evergreen Provision. There is no evergreen feature under which the shares of common stock authorized for issuance under the 2017 Plan can be automatically replenished.

 

No Automatic Grants. The 2017 Plan does not provide for “reload” or other automatic grants to recipients.

 

No Transferability. Awards generally may not be transferred, except by will or the laws of descent and distribution or pursuant to a qualified domestic relations order, unless approved by the Administrator.

 

No Tax Gross-Ups. The 2017 Plan does not provide for any tax gross-ups.

 

No Liberal Change-in-Control Definition. The change-in-control definition contained in the 2017 Plan is not a “liberal” definition that would be activated on mere stockholder approval of a transaction.

 

“Double-trigger” Change in Control Vesting. If awards granted under the 2017 Plan are assumed by a successor in connection with a change in control of Novume, such awards will not automatically vest and pay out solely as a result of the change in control, unless otherwise expressly set forth in an award agreement.

 

No Dividends on Unearned Performance Awards. The 2017 Plan prohibits the current payment of dividends or dividend equivalent rights on unearned performance-based awards.

 

Limitation on Amendments. No amendments to the 2017 Plan may be made without stockholder approval if any such amendment would materially increase the number of shares reserved or the per-participant award limitations under the 2017 Plan, diminish the prohibitions on repricing stock options or stock appreciation rights, or otherwise constitute a material change requiring stockholder approval under applicable laws, policies or regulations or the applicable listing or other requirements of the principal exchange on which Novume’s shares are traded.

 

Clawbacks. Awards based on the satisfaction of financial metrics that are subsequently reversed, due to a financial statement restatement or reclassification, are subject to forfeiture.

 

When making an award under the 2017 Plan, the Administrator may designate the award as “qualified performance-based compensation,” which means that performance criteria must be satisfied in order for an employee to be paid the award. Qualified performance-based compensation may be made in the form of restricted common stock, restricted stock units, common stock options, performance shares, performance units or other stock equivalents. The 2017 Plan includes the performance criteria the Administrator has adopted, subject to stockholder approval, for a “qualified performance-based compensation” award.

 

A summary of stock option activity under the Company’s 2017 Plan for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is as follows:

 

    Number of Shares Subject to Option     Weighted Average Exercise Price     Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term     Aggregate Intrinsic Value  
Outstanding Balance at December 31, 2017     1,695,375     $ 2.19       9.26     $ 4,590,714  
      Granted     -       -       -          
      Exercised     (13,998 )     1.68       9.42          
      Canceled     (260,205 )     1.98       9.44          
Outstanding Balance at September 30, 2018     1,421,172     $ 2.22       8.00     $ 116,076  
Exercisable at September 30, 2018     577,245     $ 1.68       6.96     $ 61,956  
Vested and expected to vest at September 30, 2018     1,337,756     $ 2.22       7.82     $ 111,208  

 

Stock compensation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $86,879 and $107,321, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $295,684 and $227,470, respectively, and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The intrinsic value of stock options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $400,543. The weighted average fair value at grant date for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $72,750.

 

There were no stock options granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. The total fair value of shares that became vested after grant during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $734,863.

 

As of September 30, 2018, there was $635,051 of unrecognized stock compensation expense related to unvested stock options granted under the 2017 Plan that will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.85 years.

 

v3.10.0.1
EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Earnings Loss Per Share  
EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following table provides information relating to the calculation of earnings (loss) per common share: 

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share                                  
    Net (loss) earnings from continuing operations   $ (503,834 )   $ (791,360 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (1,913,460 )
    Less: preferred stock accretion     (166,519 )     (144,916 )     (482,696 )     (400,616 )
    Less: preferred stock dividends     (114,908 )     (87,907 )     (344,724 )     (251,508 )
        Net income (loss) attributable to shareholders     (785,261 )     (1,024,183 )     (4,446,387 )     (2,565,584 )
    Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
        Basic (loss) earnings per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.23 )
    Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
        Diluted (loss) earnings per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.23 )
            Common stock equivalents excluded due to anti-dilutive effect     2,675,906       2,016,838       2,690,768       2,048,739  

 

As the Company had a net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2018, the following 2,675,906 potentially dilutive securities were excluded from diluted loss per share: 917,950 for outstanding warrants, 974,487 related to the Series A Preferred Stock, 481,722 related to the Series B Preferred Stock and 301,747 related to outstanding options. In addition, 10,000 options were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculations as the exercise price of these shares exceeded the per share value of the common stock.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2017, the following 2,016,838 potentially dilutive securities were excluded from diluted loss per share as the Company had a net loss: 967,845 for outstanding warrants and 974,487 related to the Series A Preferred Stock and 74,506 related to outstanding options. In addition, 15,707 options were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculations as the exercise price of these shares exceeded the per share value of the common stock.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the following 2,690,768 potentially dilutive securities were excluded from diluted loss per share as the Company had a net loss: 917,950 for outstanding warrants, 974,487 related to the Series A Preferred Stock, 481,722 related to the Series B Preferred Stock and 316,609 related to outstanding options. In addition, 475,942 options were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculations as the exercise price of these shares exceeded the per share value of the common stock.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the following 2,048,739 potentially dilutive securities were excluded from diluted loss per share as the Company had a net loss: 1,052,122 for outstanding warrants and 917,931 related to the Series A Preferred Stock and 78,686 related to options. In addition, 10,000 options were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculations as the exercise price of these shares exceeded the per share value of the common stock.

 

(Loss) Earnings Per Share under Two – Class Method

 

The Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock have the non-forfeitable right to participate on an as converted basis at the conversion rate then in effect in any common stock dividends declared and, as such, is considered a participating security. The Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock are included in the computation of basic and diluted loss per share pursuant to the two-class method. Holders of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock do not participate in undistributed net losses because they are not contractually obligated to do so.

 

The computation of diluted (loss) earnings per share attributable to common stockholders reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue shares of common stock that are dilutive were exercised or converted into shares of common stock (or resulted in the issuance of shares of common stock) and would then share in our earnings. During the periods in which we record a loss attributable to common stockholders, securities would not be dilutive to net loss per share and conversion into shares of common stock is assumed not to occur.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of net (loss) to preferred shareholders and common stockholders for purposes of computing net (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Numerator:                        
    Net (loss) earnings from continuing operations   $ (503,834 )   $ (791,360 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (1,913,460 )
    Less: preferred stock accretion     (166,519 )     (144,916 )     (482,696 )     (400,616 )
    Less: preferred stock dividends     (114,908 )     (87,907 )     (344,724 )     (251,508 )
        Net income (loss) attributable to shareholders   $ (785,261 )   $ (1,024,183 )   $ (4,446,387 )   $ (2,565,584 )
Denominator (basic):                                
   Weighted average common shares outstanding     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
    Participating securities - Series A preferred stock     974,487       974,487       974,487       917,931  
    Participating securities - Series B preferred stock     481,722       -       481,722       -  
        Weighted average shares outstanding     15,998,571       12,731,047       15,980,239       11,838,797  
                                 
Loss per common share - basic under two-class method   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.28 )   $ (0.22 )
                                 
Denominator (diluted):                                
    Weighted average common shares outstanding     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
    Participating securities - Series A preferred stock     974,487       974,487       974,487       917,931  
    Participating securities - Series B preferred stock     481,722       -       481,722       -  
        Weighted average shares outstanding     15,998,571       12,731,047       15,980,239       11,838,797  
                                 
Loss per common share - basic under two-class method   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.28 )   $ (0.22 )
v3.10.0.1
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Subsequent Events [Abstract]  
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Effective October 16, 2018, the Company entered into exchange agreements with holders of warrants to purchase an aggregate of 56,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. Pursuant to the exchange agreements, the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 96,924 shares of common stock in exchange for the return of the warrants to the Company for cancellation.

 

Effective October 23, 2018, the Company entered into amendment with the holder of an outstanding promissory note in the principal amount of $500,000 to extend the maturity date of the promissory note from March 16, 2019 through March 16, 2020. Also, on October 24, 2018, the Company entered into an amendment with another holder of an outstanding promissory note in the principal amount of $2,000,000 to extend the maturity date from May 1, 2019 through May 1, 2020. In consideration for the agreement of the Lender to extend the maturity date, the Company agreed to pay the Lender $62,500. The amendment further provides for the payment of interest through May 1, 2019 if the principal is repaid before May 1, 2019 and for the payment of interest through May 1, 2020 if the principal is repaid after May 1, 2019 and before May 1, 2020.

 

On November 1, 2018, the Company issued 4,125,000 shares of common stock through an underwritten public offering at a public offering price of $0.80 per share. Net proceeds to the Company was approximately $2.8 million. In addition, the Company granted underwriters a 45-day option to purchase up to 618,750 additional shares of common stock to cover over-allotment, if any. As part of this transaction, the Company issued to the underwriter warrants to purchase 206,250 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The warrants may be exercised on or after April 27, 2019 and expire on October 29, 2023.

 

On November 5, 2018, David Hanlon was appointed as Director. Mr. Hanlon was appointed to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Professor Marta Tienda, who resigned as a Director on November 5, 2018. The Board has determined that Mr. Hanlon is an independent director within the meaning of NASDAQ Rule 5605. Mr. Hanlon’s compensation for his services as a director will be consistent with that of the Company’s other nonemployee directors. Effective upon his appointment, Mr. Hanlon was granted fully-vested options to purchase 48,499 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company at a strike price of $0.73 per share. The options were granted pursuant to the Company’s 2017 Equity Award Plan and expire on November 5, 2028.

v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Novume, as the parent company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries AOC Key Solutions, Inc., Brekford Traffic Safety Inc., Novume Media, Inc., Chantilly Petroleum, LLC, Firestorm Solutions, LLC, Firestorm Franchising, LLC, Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc.

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the accounting rules under Regulation S-X, as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Certain amounts in the prior year's financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

 

Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading.

 

It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s latest annual report on Form 10-K.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation for the periods presented have been reflected as required by Regulation S-X, Rule 10-01. All necessary adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature.

 

Going Concern Assessment

Beginning with the year ended December 31, 2017 and all annual and interim periods thereafter, management will assess going concern uncertainty in the Company’s consolidated financial statements to determine whether there is sufficient cash on hand and working capital, including available borrowings on loans and external bank lines of credit, to operate for a period of at least one year from the date the consolidated financial statements are issued or available to be issued, which is referred to as the “look-forward period”, as defined in GAAP. As part of this assessment, based on conditions that are known and reasonably knowable to management, management will consider various scenarios, forecasts, projections, estimates and will make certain key assumptions, including the timing and nature of projected cash expenditures or programs, its ability to delay or curtail expenditures or programs and its ability to raise additional capital, if necessary, among other factors. Based on this assessment, as necessary or applicable, management makes certain assumptions around implementing curtailments or delays in the nature and timing of programs and expenditures to the extent it deems probable those implementations can be achieved and management has the proper authority to execute them within the look-forward period.

 

The Company has generated losses since its inception in August 2017 and has relied on cash on hand, external bank lines of credit, the sale of a note and a public offering of its common stock to support cashflow from operations. The Company attributes losses to merger costs, public company corporate overhead and investments made by some of our subsidiary operations. As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company had a net loss of approximately $3.6 million and working capital of approximately $1.2 million. The Company’s cash position was increased in April 2018 by the receipt of $2 million related to the issuance of a promissory note and in November 2018 by the proceeds of $2.8 million from the sale of common stock. Also, as discussed in Note 8, the maturity dates for the Avon Road Note and the April 2018 Promissory Note have been extended into 2020.

 

Management continues to seek additional funding to support its operations and planned acquisition of OpenALPR, however, no assurance can be given that it will be successful in raising adequate funds needed (see Note 13). If the Company is unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, management may have to: terminate its intent to acquire OpenALPR; delay, scale back or discontinue the development or commercialization of some of our products; restrict the Company's operations; or obtain funds by entering into agreements on unattractive terms, which would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, stock price and our relationships with third parties with whom we have business relationships The Company may implement its contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays if operations do not improve in the look-forward period.

 

Management believes that based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable that its current forecasts and projections, for one year from the date of the filing of the consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, indicate improved operations and the Company’s ability to continue operations as a going concern for that one-year period. The Company is actively monitoring its operations, cash on hand and working capital. The Company has contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays should operations not improve in the look-forward period or if additional financing is not available. Management believes the substantial doubt regarding the going concern reported at June 30, 2018 has been alleviated as a result of improved operations, the extended maturity dates on notes payable and the proceeds of the November stock issuance.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Novume considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with the maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

Brekford makes collections on behalf of certain client jurisdictions. Cash balances designated for these client jurisdictions as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $882,034 and $641,103, respectively, and correspond to equal amounts of related accounts payable.

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. The Company performs continuing credit evaluations of its clients’ financial condition, and the Company generally does not require collateral.

 

Management reviews accounts receivable to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. Factors considered in the determination include, among other factors, number of days an invoice is past due, client historical trends, available credit ratings information, other financial data and the overall economic environment. Collection agencies may also be utilized if management so determines.

 

The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based on specifically identified amounts that are believed to be uncollectible. The Company also considers recording as an additional allowance a certain percentage of aged accounts receivable, based on historical experience and the Company’s assessment of the general financial conditions affecting its customer base. If actual collection experience changes, revisions to the allowance may be required. After all reasonable attempts to collect an account receivable have failed, the amount of the receivable is written off against the allowance. The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $24,000 at both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

Accounts receivable at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 included $1,728,393 and $1,259,089 in unbilled services, respectively, related to work performed in the period in which the receivable was recorded. The amounts are expected to be billed or were billed in the subsequent periods.

Inventory

Inventory principally consists of parts held temporarily until installed for service. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value. The cost is determined by the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, while market value is determined by replacement cost for components and replacement parts.

 

Property and Equipment

The costs of furniture and fixtures, office equipment, automobiles and camera systems are depreciated over the useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the terms of the lease. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on the straight-line basis.

 

The range of estimated useful lives used for computing depreciation are as follows:

 

Furniture and fixtures 2 - 10 years
Office equipment 2 - 5 years
Leasehold improvements 3 - 15 years
Automobiles 3 - 5 years
Camera systems 3 years

 

Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Expenditures for additions, improvements and replacements are capitalized. Depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $85,592 and $26,862, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $259,139 and $77,023, respectively.

Business Combination

Management conducts a valuation analysis on the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date thereof. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. In addition, uncertain tax positions and tax-related valuation allowances are initially established in connection with a business combination as of the acquisition date. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Amounts paid for acquisitions are allocated to the tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. We may also allocate a portion of the purchase price to the fair value of identifiable intangible assets. The fair value of identifiable intangible assets is based on detailed valuations that use information and assumptions provided by management. We allocate any excess purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired to goodwill.

 

We recorded goodwill and intangible assets for the mergers and acquisitions that occurred in 2018 and 2017. The BC Management, Secure Education and Firestorm acquisitions were asset acquisitions, which created both book and tax bases in goodwill and non-goodwill intangible assets. Secure Education’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. BC Management’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. The Firestorm acquisition resulted in $2.5 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. Brekford and Global were stock acquisitions and only have book basis in the goodwill and intangible assets. The fair value assigned to Brekford’s intangible and goodwill is $0.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively. The Global Technical Services and Global Contract Professionals goodwill and intangible assets resulted in a fair value of $1.7 million and $2.6 million, respectively. As a result of a corresponding deferred tax liability, an adjustment was recorded to goodwill to account for the tax effect of the deferred tax liability in the year ended December 31, 2017. As discussed above, the fair value of BC Management and Secure Education assets may change and require subsequent adjustments.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles

In applying the acquisition method of accounting, amounts assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were based on estimated fair values as of the date of acquisition, with the remainder recorded as goodwill. Identifiable intangible assets are initially valued at fair value using generally accepted valuation methods appropriate for the type of intangible asset. Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment if indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment within one year of acquisitions or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The fair value of intangible assets are compared with their carrying values, and an impairment loss would be recognized for the amount by which a carrying amount exceeds its fair value.

 

Acquired identifiable intangible assets are amortized over the following periods:

 

Acquired Intangible Asset

 

Amortization Basis

  Expected Life (years)  
Customer-Related   Straight-line basis       5-15   
Marketing-Related   Straight-line basis       4   
Technology-Based   In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis       3   

 

Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (Topic 606) using the modified retrospective approach applied to those contracts in effect as of January 1, 2018. Under this transition method, results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under the new standard, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. See the Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements section below for further discussion of the adoption of Topic 606, including the impact on our 2018 financial statements.

 

The Company generates substantially all revenues from providing professional services to clients. A single contract could include one or multiple performance obligations. For those contracts that have multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the total transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price, which is determined based on our overall pricing objectives, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors.

 

Revenue is recognized when control of the goods and services provided are transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services using the following steps: 1) identify the contract; 2) identify the performance obligations; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and 5) recognize revenue as or when the Company satisfies the performance obligations. The Company typically satisfies performance obligations for professional services over time as the related services are provided.

 

The Company generates revenues under three types of billing arrangements: time-and-expense; fixed-fee; and franchise fees.

 

Time-and-expense billing arrangements require the client to pay based on the number of hours worked by revenue-generating staff at agreed upon rates. The Company recognize revenues under time-and-expense arrangements as the related services are provided, using the right to invoice practical expedient which allows us to recognize revenue in the amount that the Company has a right to invoice, based on the number of hours worked and the agreed upon hourly rates.

 

In fixed-fee billing arrangements, the Company agrees to a pre-established fee in exchange for a predetermined set of professional services or deliverables. The Company sets the fees based on our estimates of the costs and timing for completing the engagements. The Company generally recognizes revenues under fixed-fee billing arrangements using a proportionate performance approach, which is based on the cost of the work completed to-date versus our estimates of the total cost of the services to be provided under the engagement. Estimates of total engagement revenues and cost of services are monitored regularly during the term of the engagement. If our estimates indicate a potential loss, such loss is recognized in the period in which the loss first becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

 

The Company collects initial franchise fees when franchise agreements are signed. The Company recognizes franchise fee revenue over the estimated life of the franchise, beginning with the opening of the franchise, which is when the Company has performed substantially all initial services required by the franchise agreement and the franchisee benefits from the rights afforded by the franchise agreement. Royalties from individual franchises are earned based upon the terms in the franchising agreement which are generally the greater of $1,000 or 8% of the franchisee’s monthly gross sales.

 

Expense reimbursements that are billable to clients are included in total revenues and cost of revenue.

 

The payment terms and conditions in our customer contracts vary. Differences in the circumstances under which the Company is entitled to bill clients results in the recognition of revenue as either unbilled services or deferred revenues in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Revenues recognized for services performed, but not yet billed to clients, are recorded as unbilled services. Revenues recognized, but for which the Company has not yet been entitled to bill because certain events must occur, such as the completion of the measurement period or client approval, are recorded as contract assets and included within unbilled services. Client prepayments and retainers are classified as deferred revenues and recognized over future periods, as earned, in accordance with the applicable engagement agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $117,636 of deferred revenue, of which $12,333 and $42,636, was recognized for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

 

See Note 3 Revenue Recognition, for information on revenues disaggregated by contract type.

 

Advertising

The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Such costs were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

Use of Estimates

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing financial statements. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to collectability of accounts receivable, fair value of debt and equity instruments and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Income Taxes

We use the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in the authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes. This method requires an asset and liability approach for the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is more likely than not that their benefits will not be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its net deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.

 

The tax effects of uncertain tax positions are recognized in the consolidated financial statements only if the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. For tax positions meeting the more likely than not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. It is our accounting policy to account for ASC 740-10-related penalties and interest as a component of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

As of September 30, 2018, our evaluation revealed no uncertain tax positions that would have a material impact on the financial statements. The 2014 through 2017 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS, as of September 30, 2018. Our management does not believe that any reasonably possible changes will occur within the next twelve months that will have a material impact on the financial statements.

 

Tax Cut and Jobs Act

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Act”) was enacted, which changes U.S. tax law and includes various provisions that impact the Company. The 2017 Act effects the Company by (i) changing U.S. tax rates, (ii) increasing the Company’s ability to utilize accumulated net operating losses generated after December 31, 2017 and (iii) limiting the Company’s ability to deduct interest.

 

The 2017 Act instituted fundamental changes to the U.S. tax system. Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the 2017 Act. In accordance with SAB 118, management calculated its best estimate of the impact of the 2017 Act in the 2017 year-end income tax provision in accordance with their understanding of the 2017 Act and available guidance. Also pursuant to SAB 118, certain additional impacts of the 2017 Act remain open during the measurement period, including state tax impacts of the 2017 Act. As of the close of the third quarter, the Company continues to analyze the 2017 Act in its entirety and refine its calculations, which could potentially impact the measurement of recorded tax balances. Any subsequent adjustment to the tax balances resulting from the analysis of the 2017 Act, will be recorded to income tax expense when the analysis is completed.

 

Equity-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes equity-based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures. Total equity-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $86,879 and $107,321, respectively, and for the nine months end September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $295,684 and $227,470, respectively.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The use of the Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the use of subjective assumptions, including the fair value and projected volatility of the underlying common stock and the expected term of the award.

 

The fair value of each option granted has been estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the assumptions below during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. No options were issued during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

  Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Risk-free interest rate 1.00% - 1.99%
Expected term 0.3 – 6 years
Volatility 70%
Dividend yield 0%
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 0% - 30%

 

Risk-Free Interest Rate The yield on actively traded non-inflation indexed U.S. Treasury notes with the same maturity as the expected term of the underlying grants was used as the average risk-free interest rate.

 

Expected Term – The expected term of options granted was determined based on management’s expectations of the options granted which are expected to remain outstanding.

 

Expected Volatility Because the Company’s common stock has only been publicly traded since late August 2017, there is not a substantive share price history to calculate volatility and, as such, the Company has elected to use the calculated value method.

 

Dividend Yield – The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires an expected dividend yield as an input. The Company has not issued common stock dividends in the past nor does the Company expect to issue common stock dividends in the future.

 

Forfeiture Rate – This is the estimated percentage of equity grants that are expected to be forfeited or cancelled on an annual basis before becoming fully vested. The Company estimates the forfeiture rate based on past turnover data, level of employee receiving the equity grant, and vesting terms, and revises the rate if subsequent information indicates that the actual number of instruments that will vest is likely to differ from the estimate. The cumulative effect on current and prior periods of a change in the estimated number of awards likely to vest is recognized in compensation cost in the period of the change.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 because of the relatively short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying amount reported for long-term debt approximates fair value as of September 30, 2018, given management’s evaluation of the instrument’s current rate compared to market rates of interest and other factors.

 

The determination of fair value is based upon the fair value framework established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value (listed from low to high):

 

Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.

 

The Company had a note receivable at December 31, 2017 and determined that $1,475,000 approximated its recorded value. The Company sold the note in February 2018 for proceeds of $1,400,000.

 

The Company’s goodwill and other intangible assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs.

 

The Company has concluded that its Series A Preferred Stock is a Level 3 financial instrument and that the fair value approximates the carrying value due to the proximity of the date of the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to independent third-parties. There were no changes in levels during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable are minimal due to the collection history and the nature of the Company’s client base. The Company limits its credit risk with respect to cash by maintaining cash balances with high-quality financial institutions. At times, the Company’s cash may exceed U.S. Federally insured limits, and as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $892,244 and $1,707,212, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents on deposit that exceeded the federally insured limit.

 

Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share, or EPS, is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, except for periods of net loss for which no potentially dilutive securities are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options or warrants using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive securities issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock are calculated using the if-converted method.

 

The Company calculates basic and diluted earnings per common share using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are allocated to each class of common stock and participating security as if all of the net earnings for the period had been distributed. Participating securities consist of preferred stock that contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends and therefore are considered to participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders.

 

On August 28, 2017, the Company effected a 1.9339-to-1 stock exchange related to the Brekford Merger. The per share amounts for the quarterly financial statements of the Company show the effect of the exchange on earnings per share as if the exchange occurred at the beginning of 2017.

 

Segment Reporting

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, requires that an enterprise report selected information about reportable segments in its financial reports issued to its stockholders. Based on its analysis of current operations, management has determined that the Company has only one operating segment, which is Novume. Management will continue to reevaluate its segment reporting as the Company grows and matures. However, the chief operating decision-makers currently use combined results to make operating and strategic decisions, and, therefore, the Company believes its entire operation is currently covered under a single reportable segment.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Not Yet Adopted

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of share-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with the accounting for employee share-based compensation. ASU 2018-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. We will adopt the provisions of this ASU in the first quarter of 2019. Adoption of the new standard is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying or adding certain disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. We are currently evaluating the effect that ASU 2018-13 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued new guidance related to accounting for hedging activities. This guidance expands strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, changes how many hedging relationships are presented in the financial statements and simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The standard will be effective for us beginning July 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any interim or annual period before the effective date. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial statements, including accounting policies, processes, and systems.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting. An entity will account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value of the modified award is the same as the original award, the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the original award and the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or liability instrument is the same as the original award. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The update is to be adopted prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this update but does not believe it will have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the update requires only a single-step quantitative test to identify and measure impairment based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. A qualitative assessment may still be completed first for an entity to determine if a quantitative impairment test is necessary. The update is effective for fiscal year 2021 and is to be adopted on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company will test goodwill for impairment within one year of the acquisition or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, as part of its simplification initiatives. The update requires that an entity recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, rather than deferring the recognition until the asset has been sold to an outside party as is required under current GAAP. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The new standard will require adoption on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU is a comprehensive new leases standard that amends various aspects of existing guidance for leases and requires additional disclosures about leasing arrangements. It will require companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases in the previous lease guidance. The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years; earlier adoption is permitted. In the financial statements in which the ASU is first applied, leases shall be measured and recognized at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented with an adjustment to equity. Practical expedients are available for election as a package and if applied consistently to all leases. An additional update was issued by FASB in January 2018 to ASC Topic 842.

 

The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and the related update on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments which requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

There are currently no other accounting standards that have been issued, but not yet adopted, that will have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows upon adoption.

 

Recently Adopted

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as a new Topic, ASC Topic 606, which supersedes existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and creates a single framework. Additional updates to ASC Topic 606 issued by the FASB in 2015 and 2016 include the following:

 

ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of the new guidance such that the new provisions will now be required for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.

 

ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations (reporting revenue gross versus net).

 

ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarifies the implementation guidance on identifying performance obligations and classifying licensing arrangements.

 

ASU No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies the implementation guidance in a number of other areas.

 

The underlying principle is to use a five-step analysis of transactions to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard permits the use of either a retrospective or modified retrospective application. ASU 2014-09 and ASU 2016-12 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related amendments (referred to collectively hereinafter as “Topic 606”) using the modified retrospective method. Novume has aggregated and reviewed all contracts at the date of initial application that are within the scope of Topic 606, excluding time-and-expense contracts at AOC Key Solutions and Global since Topic 606 does not have a material impact on time-and-expense contracts. The impact of adopting Topic 606 to the Company relate to: (1) a change to franchisee agreements recorded prior to 2017; and (2) the timing of certain contractual agreements, which the Company deemed as immaterial. Revenue recognition related to the Company’s other revenue streams will remain substantially unchanged (see Note 3 for the effects of adopting Topic 606).

 

v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies Tables Abstract  
Estimated useful lives
Furniture and fixtures 2 - 10 years
Office equipment 2 - 5 years
Leasehold improvements 3 - 15 years
Automobiles 3 - 5 years
Camera systems 3 years

 

Acquired Intangible Asset

 

Amortization Basis

  Expected Life (years)  
Customer-Related   Straight-line basis       5-15   
Marketing-Related   Straight-line basis       4   
Technology-Based   In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis       3   

Assumptions for options granted
  Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Risk-free interest rate 1.00% - 1.99%
Expected term 0.3 – 6 years
Volatility 70%
Dividend yield 0%
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 0% - 30%
v3.10.0.1
REVENUE RECOGNITION (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Revenue Recognition [Abstract]  
Disaggregation of revenue
    Three Months Ended September 30, 2018     Nine Months Ended September 30 2018  
Time & Materials   $ 11,436,918     $ 32,123,199  
Fixed Price     1,671,350       4,502,197  
Franchising     40,580       80,385  
Total   $ 13,148,848     $ 36,705,781  
v3.10.0.1
ACQUISITION (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Acquisition  
Purchase price allocation

Secure Education Consultants Acquisition

  

Cash paid   $ 99,197  
Common stock issued     163,332  
Warrants issued, at $5.44     65,988  
Warrants issued, at $6.53     57,484  
Total consideration     386,001  
Less intangible and intellectual property     (386,001 )
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

 

BC Management Acquisition

  

Cash paid   $ 100,000  
Common stock issued     163,332  
Warrants issued, at $5.44     65,988  
Warrants issued, at $6.53     57,484  
Total consideration     386,804  
Less intangible and intellectual property     (386,804 )
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

 

Global Acquisition 

 

Assets acquired   $ 4,384,668  
Liabilities acquired     (4,384,417 )
Net assets acquired     251  
Less intangible assets     2,574,000  
Consideration paid (see below)     4,264,934  
Net goodwill recorded   $ 1,690,683  
         
Cash consideration   $ 550,000  
Cash paid towards acquired liabilities     540,037  
Total cash paid     1,090,037  
Holdback consideration     200,000  
Common stock consideration     566,288  
Series B Preferred Stock consideration     2,408,610  
Total acquisition consideration   $ 4,264,934  

 

Brekford Acquisition

 

Common stock issued   $ 5,851,193  
Total consideration     5,851,193  
Less cash received     (1,943,778 )
Less note receivable     (2,000,000 )
Less other assets     (1,139,007 )
Less intangible assets     (558,412 )
Plus liabilities assumed     1,191,937  
Net goodwill recorded   $ 1,401,933  

 

Firestorm Acquisition

  

Cash paid   $ 500,000  
Notes payable issued     907,407  
Common stock issued     976,286  
Warrants issued, at $2.58     125,411  
Warrants issued, at $3.61     102,289  
Total consideration     2,611,393  
Less cash received     (82,296 )
Less other assets     (137,457 )
Less intangible and intellectual property     (2,497,686 )
Plus liabilities assumed     106,046  
Net goodwill recorded   $ -  

Pro-forma financial information
    For the three months ended September 30,     For the nine months ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Revenues   $ 13,148,848     $ 10,674,716     $ 36,705,781     $ 31,824,716  
Net income (loss)   $ (503,834 )   $ (1,002,345 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (3,061,031 )
Basic earnings (loss) per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.27 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.27 )
                                 
Basic Number of Shares     14,542,362       14,323,018       14,524,030       13,592,532  
Diluted Number of Shares     14,542,362       14,323,018       14,524,030       13,592,532  
v3.10.0.1
IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Identifiable Intangible Assets Tables Abstract  
Schedule of intangible assets
    Customer Relationships     Marketing Related     Technology Based     Total  
Identifiable intangible assets, gross   $ 5,588,677     $ 730,000     $ 83,412     $ 6,402,089  
Accumulated amortization     (1,123,201 )     (189,091 )     (6,951 )     (1,319,243 )
Identifiable intangible assets, net   $ 4,465,476     $ 540,909     $ 76,461     $ 5,082,846  
Estimated annual amortization expense
2018 (remainder of year)   $ 262,245  
2019     1,048,980  
2020     1,048,980  
2021     982,876  
2022     238,155  
Thereafter     1,501,610  
Total   $ 5,082,846  
v3.10.0.1
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Supplemental Disclosures Of Cash Flow Information Tables Abstract  
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
    For the Nine Months Ended  
    2018     2017  
Cash paid for interest   $ 393,689     $ 33,429  
Cash paid for taxes   $ -     $ -  
                 
Common stock issued in connection with note payable   $ 126,001     $ -  
Warrants issued in connection with issuance of Series A Preferred Stock   $ -     $ 67,491  
                 
Business Combinations/Asset Acquisitions:                
Current Assets   $ -     $ 1,044,893  
Property and equipment, net   $ 31,824     $ 268,398  
Intangible assets   $ 386,001     $ 2,498,737  
Goodwill   $ -     $ 1,960,328  
Other non-current assets   $ -     $ 1,962,140  
Assumed liabilities   $ -     $ (1,258,905 )
Deferred revenue   $ -     $ (22,493 )
Other non-current liabilities   $ -     $ (16,584 )
Issuance of common stock   $ (163,332 )   $ (7,055,179 )
Notes payable   $ (31,824 )   $ (907,407 )
Issuance of common stock warrants   $ (123,472 )   $ -  
v3.10.0.1
DEBT (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Debt Tables Abstract  
Future principal amounts, long-term notes payable
2018   $ 975  
2019     4,388  
2020     2,504,665  
2021     4,959  
2022     1,005,273  
Thereafter     11,564  
Total     3,531,824  
         
Less unamortized interest     (61,728 )
Less unamortized financing costs     (75,560 )
      3,394,536  
Current portion of long-term debt     (4,241 )
Long-term debt   $ 3,390,295  
v3.10.0.1
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Commitments Tables Abstract  
Future obligations
2018 (remainder of year)   $ 192,046  
2019     624,228  
2020     190,599  
2021     101,386  
2022     38,873  
Thereafter     30,393  
Total   $ 1,177,525  
v3.10.0.1
EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Equity Incentive Plan Tables Abstract  
Stock option activity
    Number of Shares Subject to Option     Weighted Average Exercise Price     Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term     Aggregate Intrinsic Value  
Outstanding Balance at December 31, 2017     1,695,375     $ 2.19       9.26     $ 4,590,714  
      Granted     -       -       -          
      Exercised     (13,998 )     1.68       9.42          
      Canceled     (260,205 )     1.98       9.44          
Outstanding Balance at September 30, 2018     1,421,172     $ 2.22       8.00     $ 116,076  
Exercisable at September 30, 2018     577,245     $ 1.68       6.96     $ 61,956  
Vested and expected to vest at September 30, 2018     1,337,756     $ 2.22       7.82     $ 111,208  
v3.10.0.1
EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE (Tables)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Earnings Loss Per Share Tables Abstract  
Earnings (loss) per common share
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share                                  
    Net (loss) earnings from continuing operations   $ (503,834 )   $ (791,360 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (1,913,460 )
    Less: preferred stock accretion     (166,519 )     (144,916 )     (482,696 )     (400,616 )
    Less: preferred stock dividends     (114,908 )     (87,907 )     (344,724 )     (251,508 )
        Net income (loss) attributable to shareholders     (785,261 )     (1,024,183 )     (4,446,387 )     (2,565,584 )
    Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
        Basic (loss) earnings per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.23 )
    Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
        Diluted (loss) earnings per share   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.09 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.23 )
            Common stock equivalents excluded due to anti-dilutive effect     2,675,906       2,016,838       2,690,768       2,048,739  
Earnings (loss) per common share, Two-Class Method
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
Numerator:                        
    Net (loss) earnings from continuing operations   $ (503,834 )   $ (791,360 )   $ (3,618,967 )   $ (1,913,460 )
    Less: preferred stock accretion     (166,519 )     (144,916 )     (482,696 )     (400,616 )
    Less: preferred stock dividends     (114,908 )     (87,907 )     (344,724 )     (251,508 )
        Net income (loss) attributable to shareholders   $ (785,261 )   $ (1,024,183 )   $ (4,446,387 )   $ (2,565,584 )
Denominator (basic):                                
   Weighted average common shares outstanding     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
    Participating securities - Series A preferred stock     974,487       974,487       974,487       917,931  
    Participating securities - Series B preferred stock     481,722       -       481,722       -  
        Weighted average shares outstanding     15,998,571       12,731,047       15,980,239       11,838,797  
                                 
Loss per common share - basic under two-class method   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.28 )   $ (0.22 )
                                 
Denominator (diluted):                                
    Weighted average common shares outstanding     14,542,362       11,756,560       14,524,030       10,920,866  
    Participating securities - Series A preferred stock     974,487       974,487       974,487       917,931  
    Participating securities - Series B preferred stock     481,722       -       481,722       -  
        Weighted average shares outstanding     15,998,571       12,731,047       15,980,239       11,838,797  
                                 
Loss per common share - basic under two-class method   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.28 )   $ (0.22 )
v3.10.0.1
NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND RECAPITALIZATION (Details Narrative)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Nature Of Operations And Recapitalization Details Narrative Abstract  
Date of operation Feb. 01, 2017
State of operation Delaware
v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Details)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Furniture and fixtures | Minimum  
Estimated useful life 2 years
Furniture and fixtures | Maximum  
Estimated useful life 10 years
Office equipment | Minimum  
Estimated useful life 2 years
Office equipment | Maximum  
Estimated useful life 5 years
Leasehold improvements | Minimum  
Estimated useful life 3 years
Leasehold improvements | Maximum  
Estimated useful life 15 years
Automobiles | Minimum  
Estimated useful life 3 years
Automobiles | Maximum  
Estimated useful life 5 years
Camera systems  
Estimated useful life 3 years
v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Details 1)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Customer Relationships  
Amortization Basis Straight-line basis
Customer Relationships | Minimum  
Expected Life 5 years
Customer Relationships | Maximum  
Expected Life 15 years
Marketing Related  
Amortization Basis Straight-line basis
Expected Life 4 years
Technology Based  
Amortization Basis In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis
Expected Life 3 years
v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Details 2)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2017
Volatility 70.00%
Dividend yield 0.00%
Minimum  
Risk-free interest rate 1.00%
Expected term 3 months 18 days
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 0.00%
Maximum  
Risk-free interest rate 1.99%
Expected term 6 years
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 30.00%
v3.10.0.1
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Details Narrative) - USD ($)
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Dec. 31, 2017
Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies Details Narrative Abstract          
Net loss $ (503,834) $ (791,360) $ (3,618,967) $ (1,913,460)  
Working capital (1,200,000)   (1,200,000)    
Allowance for doubtful accounts 24,000   24,000   $ 24,000
Unbilled services 1,728,393   1,728,393   1,259,089
Depreciation expense 85,592 26,862 259,139 77,023  
Equity-based compensation expense 86,879 $ 107,321 295,684 $ 227,470  
Uninsured cash and cash equivalents $ 892,244   $ 892,244   $ 1,707,212
v3.10.0.1
REVENUE RECOGNITION (Details) - USD ($)
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Revenues $ 13,148,848 $ 4,421,574 $ 36,705,781 $ 11,131,825
Time & Materials        
Revenues 11,436,918   32,123,199  
Fixed Price        
Revenues 1,671,350   4,502,197  
Franchising        
Revenues $ 40,580   $ 80,385  
v3.10.0.1
ACQUISITION (Details) - USD ($)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Less intangible assets $ 5,082,846  
Notes payable issued 31,824 $ 907,407
Less intangible assets (386,001) $ (2,498,737)
Secure Education    
Consideration paid (see below) 386,001  
Cash paid 99,197  
Common stock issued 163,332  
Warrants issued 65,988  
Warrants issued 57,484  
Total consideration 386,001  
Less intangible assets (386,001)  
Net goodwill recorded 0  
BC Management    
Consideration paid (see below) 386,804  
Cash paid 100,000  
Common stock issued 163,332  
Warrants issued 65,988  
Warrants issued 57,484  
Total consideration 386,804  
Less intangible assets (386,804)  
Net goodwill recorded 0  
Global    
Assets acquired 4,384,668  
Liabilities acquired (4,384,417)  
Net assets acquired 251  
Less intangible assets 2,574,000  
Consideration paid (see below) 4,264,934  
Cash paid 1,090,037  
Holdback consideration 200,000  
Common stock consideration 566,288  
Series B Preferred Stock consideration 2,408,610  
Total consideration 4,264,934  
Plus liabilities assumed (4,384,417)  
Net goodwill recorded 1,690,683  
Brekford    
Liabilities acquired 1,191,937  
Consideration paid (see below) 5,851,193  
Common stock issued 5,851,193  
Total consideration 5,851,193  
Less cash received (1,943,778)  
Less note receivable (2,000,000)  
Less other assets (1,139,007)  
Less intangible assets (558,412)  
Plus liabilities assumed 1,191,937  
Net goodwill recorded 1,401,933  
Firestorm    
Liabilities acquired 106,046  
Consideration paid (see below) 2,611,393  
Cash paid 500,000  
Notes payable issued 907,407  
Common stock issued 976,286  
Warrants issued 125,411  
Warrants issued 102,289  
Total consideration 2,611,393  
Less cash received (82,296)  
Less other assets (137,457)  
Less intangible assets (2,497,686)  
Plus liabilities assumed 106,046  
Net goodwill recorded $ 0