• Filing Date: 2018-11-13
  • Form Type: 10-Q
  • Description: Quarterly report
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies  

Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Novume, as the parent company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries AOC Key Solutions, Inc., Brekford Traffic Safety Inc., Novume Media, Inc., Chantilly Petroleum, LLC, Firestorm Solutions, LLC, Firestorm Franchising, LLC, Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc.


The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the accounting rules under Regulation S-X, as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Certain amounts in the prior year's financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.


Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading.


It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s latest annual report on Form 10-K.


In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation for the periods presented have been reflected as required by Regulation S-X, Rule 10-01. All necessary adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature.


Going Concern Assessment


Beginning with the year ended December 31, 2017 and all annual and interim periods thereafter, management will assess going concern uncertainty in the Company’s consolidated financial statements to determine whether there is sufficient cash on hand and working capital, including available borrowings on loans and external bank lines of credit, to operate for a period of at least one year from the date the consolidated financial statements are issued or available to be issued, which is referred to as the “look-forward period”, as defined in GAAP. As part of this assessment, based on conditions that are known and reasonably knowable to management, management will consider various scenarios, forecasts, projections, estimates and will make certain key assumptions, including the timing and nature of projected cash expenditures or programs, its ability to delay or curtail expenditures or programs and its ability to raise additional capital, if necessary, among other factors. Based on this assessment, as necessary or applicable, management makes certain assumptions around implementing curtailments or delays in the nature and timing of programs and expenditures to the extent it deems probable those implementations can be achieved and management has the proper authority to execute them within the look-forward period.


The Company has generated losses since its inception in August 2017 and has relied on cash on hand, external bank lines of credit, the sale of a note and a public offering of its common stock to support cashflow from operations. The Company attributes losses to merger costs, public company corporate overhead and investments made by some of our subsidiary operations. As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company had a net loss of approximately $3.6 million and working capital of approximately $1.2 million. The Company’s cash position was increased in April 2018 by the receipt of $2 million related to the issuance of a promissory note and in November 2018 by the proceeds of $2.8 million from the sale of common stock. Also, as discussed in Note 8, the maturity dates for the Avon Road Note and the April 2018 Promissory Note have been extended into 2020.


Management continues to seek additional funding to support its operations and planned acquisition of OpenALPR, however, no assurance can be given that it will be successful in raising adequate funds needed (see Note 13). If the Company is unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, management may have to: terminate its intent to acquire OpenALPR; delay, scale back or discontinue the development or commercialization of some of our products; restrict the Company's operations; or obtain funds by entering into agreements on unattractive terms, which would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, stock price and our relationships with third parties with whom we have business relationships The Company may implement its contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays if operations do not improve in the look-forward period.


Management believes that based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable that its current forecasts and projections, for one year from the date of the filing of the consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, indicate improved operations and the Company’s ability to continue operations as a going concern for that one-year period. The Company is actively monitoring its operations, cash on hand and working capital. The Company has contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays should operations not improve in the look-forward period or if additional financing is not available. Management believes the substantial doubt regarding the going concern reported at June 30, 2018 has been alleviated as a result of improved operations, the extended maturity dates on notes payable and the proceeds of the November stock issuance.


Cash and Cash Equivalents


Novume considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with the maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.


Brekford makes collections on behalf of certain client jurisdictions. Cash balances designated for these client jurisdictions as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $882,034 and $641,103, respectively, and correspond to equal amounts of related accounts payable.


Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts


Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. The Company performs continuing credit evaluations of its clients’ financial condition, and the Company generally does not require collateral.


Management reviews accounts receivable to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. Factors considered in the determination include, among other factors, number of days an invoice is past due, client historical trends, available credit ratings information, other financial data and the overall economic environment. Collection agencies may also be utilized if management so determines.


The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based on specifically identified amounts that are believed to be uncollectible. The Company also considers recording as an additional allowance a certain percentage of aged accounts receivable, based on historical experience and the Company’s assessment of the general financial conditions affecting its customer base. If actual collection experience changes, revisions to the allowance may be required. After all reasonable attempts to collect an account receivable have failed, the amount of the receivable is written off against the allowance. The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $24,000 at both September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.


Accounts receivable at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 included $1,728,393 and $1,259,089 in unbilled services, respectively, related to work performed in the period in which the receivable was recorded. The amounts are expected to be billed or were billed in the subsequent periods.




Inventory principally consists of parts held temporarily until installed for service. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value. The cost is determined by the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, while market value is determined by replacement cost for components and replacement parts.


Property and Equipment


The costs of furniture and fixtures, office equipment, automobiles and camera systems are depreciated over the useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the terms of the lease. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on the straight-line basis.


The range of estimated useful lives used for computing depreciation are as follows:


Furniture and fixtures 2 - 10 years
Office equipment 2 - 5 years
Leasehold improvements 3 - 15 years
Automobiles 3 - 5 years
Camera systems 3 years


Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Expenditures for additions, improvements and replacements are capitalized. Depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $85,592 and $26,862, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $259,139 and $77,023, respectively.


Business Combination


Management conducts a valuation analysis on the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date thereof. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. In addition, uncertain tax positions and tax-related valuation allowances are initially established in connection with a business combination as of the acquisition date. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our consolidated statements of operations.


Amounts paid for acquisitions are allocated to the tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. We may also allocate a portion of the purchase price to the fair value of identifiable intangible assets. The fair value of identifiable intangible assets is based on detailed valuations that use information and assumptions provided by management. We allocate any excess purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired to goodwill.


We recorded goodwill and intangible assets for the mergers and acquisitions that occurred in 2018 and 2017. The BC Management, Secure Education and Firestorm acquisitions were asset acquisitions, which created both book and tax bases in goodwill and non-goodwill intangible assets. Secure Education’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. BC Management’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. The Firestorm acquisition resulted in $2.5 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. Brekford and Global were stock acquisitions and only have book basis in the goodwill and intangible assets. The fair value assigned to Brekford’s intangible and goodwill is $0.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively. The Global Technical Services and Global Contract Professionals goodwill and intangible assets resulted in a fair value of $1.7 million and $2.6 million, respectively. As a result of a corresponding deferred tax liability, an adjustment was recorded to goodwill to account for the tax effect of the deferred tax liability in the year ended December 31, 2017. As discussed above, the fair value of BC Management and Secure Education assets may change and require subsequent adjustments.


Goodwill and Other Intangibles


In applying the acquisition method of accounting, amounts assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were based on estimated fair values as of the date of acquisition, with the remainder recorded as goodwill. Identifiable intangible assets are initially valued at fair value using generally accepted valuation methods appropriate for the type of intangible asset. Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment if indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment within one year of acquisitions or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The fair value of intangible assets are compared with their carrying values, and an impairment loss would be recognized for the amount by which a carrying amount exceeds its fair value.


Acquired identifiable intangible assets are amortized over the following periods:


Acquired Intangible Asset


Amortization Basis

  Expected Life (years)  
Customer-Related   Straight-line basis       5-15   
Marketing-Related   Straight-line basis       4   
Technology-Based   In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis       3   


Revenue Recognition


On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (Topic 606) using the modified retrospective approach applied to those contracts in effect as of January 1, 2018. Under this transition method, results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under the new standard, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. See the Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements section below for further discussion of the adoption of Topic 606, including the impact on our 2018 financial statements.


The Company generates substantially all revenues from providing professional services to clients. A single contract could include one or multiple performance obligations. For those contracts that have multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the total transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price, which is determined based on our overall pricing objectives, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors.


Revenue is recognized when control of the goods and services provided are transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services using the following steps: 1) identify the contract; 2) identify the performance obligations; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and 5) recognize revenue as or when the Company satisfies the performance obligations. The Company typically satisfies performance obligations for professional services over time as the related services are provided.


The Company generates revenues under three types of billing arrangements: time-and-expense; fixed-fee; and franchise fees.


Time-and-expense billing arrangements require the client to pay based on the number of hours worked by revenue-generating staff at agreed upon rates. The Company recognize revenues under time-and-expense arrangements as the related services are provided, using the right to invoice practical expedient which allows us to recognize revenue in the amount that the Company has a right to invoice, based on the number of hours worked and the agreed upon hourly rates.


In fixed-fee billing arrangements, the Company agrees to a pre-established fee in exchange for a predetermined set of professional services or deliverables. The Company sets the fees based on our estimates of the costs and timing for completing the engagements. The Company generally recognizes revenues under fixed-fee billing arrangements using a proportionate performance approach, which is based on the cost of the work completed to-date versus our estimates of the total cost of the services to be provided under the engagement. Estimates of total engagement revenues and cost of services are monitored regularly during the term of the engagement. If our estimates indicate a potential loss, such loss is recognized in the period in which the loss first becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.


The Company collects initial franchise fees when franchise agreements are signed. The Company recognizes franchise fee revenue over the estimated life of the franchise, beginning with the opening of the franchise, which is when the Company has performed substantially all initial services required by the franchise agreement and the franchisee benefits from the rights afforded by the franchise agreement. Royalties from individual franchises are earned based upon the terms in the franchising agreement which are generally the greater of $1,000 or 8% of the franchisee’s monthly gross sales.


Expense reimbursements that are billable to clients are included in total revenues and cost of revenue.


The payment terms and conditions in our customer contracts vary. Differences in the circumstances under which the Company is entitled to bill clients results in the recognition of revenue as either unbilled services or deferred revenues in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Revenues recognized for services performed, but not yet billed to clients, are recorded as unbilled services. Revenues recognized, but for which the Company has not yet been entitled to bill because certain events must occur, such as the completion of the measurement period or client approval, are recorded as contract assets and included within unbilled services. Client prepayments and retainers are classified as deferred revenues and recognized over future periods, as earned, in accordance with the applicable engagement agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $117,636 of deferred revenue, of which $12,333 and $42,636, was recognized for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.


See Note 3 Revenue Recognition, for information on revenues disaggregated by contract type.




The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Such costs were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.


Use of Estimates


Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing financial statements. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to collectability of accounts receivable, fair value of debt and equity instruments and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.


Income Taxes


We use the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in the authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes. This method requires an asset and liability approach for the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.


Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is more likely than not that their benefits will not be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its net deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.


The tax effects of uncertain tax positions are recognized in the consolidated financial statements only if the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. For tax positions meeting the more likely than not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. It is our accounting policy to account for ASC 740-10-related penalties and interest as a component of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations.


As of September 30, 2018, our evaluation revealed no uncertain tax positions that would have a material impact on the financial statements. The 2014 through 2017 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS, as of September 30, 2018. Our management does not believe that any reasonably possible changes will occur within the next twelve months that will have a material impact on the financial statements.


Tax Cut and Jobs Act


On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Act”) was enacted, which changes U.S. tax law and includes various provisions that impact the Company. The 2017 Act effects the Company by (i) changing U.S. tax rates, (ii) increasing the Company’s ability to utilize accumulated net operating losses generated after December 31, 2017 and (iii) limiting the Company’s ability to deduct interest.


The 2017 Act instituted fundamental changes to the U.S. tax system. Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the 2017 Act. In accordance with SAB 118, management calculated its best estimate of the impact of the 2017 Act in the 2017 year-end income tax provision in accordance with their understanding of the 2017 Act and available guidance. Also pursuant to SAB 118, certain additional impacts of the 2017 Act remain open during the measurement period, including state tax impacts of the 2017 Act. As of the close of the third quarter, the Company continues to analyze the 2017 Act in its entirety and refine its calculations, which could potentially impact the measurement of recorded tax balances. Any subsequent adjustment to the tax balances resulting from the analysis of the 2017 Act, will be recorded to income tax expense when the analysis is completed.


Equity-Based Compensation


The Company recognizes equity-based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures. Total equity-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $86,879 and $107,321, respectively, and for the nine months end September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $295,684 and $227,470, respectively.


The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The use of the Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the use of subjective assumptions, including the fair value and projected volatility of the underlying common stock and the expected term of the award.


The fair value of each option granted has been estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the assumptions below during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. No options were issued during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.


  Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Risk-free interest rate 1.00% - 1.99%
Expected term 0.3 – 6 years
Volatility 70%
Dividend yield 0%
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant 0% - 30%


Risk-Free Interest Rate The yield on actively traded non-inflation indexed U.S. Treasury notes with the same maturity as the expected term of the underlying grants was used as the average risk-free interest rate.


Expected Term – The expected term of options granted was determined based on management’s expectations of the options granted which are expected to remain outstanding.


Expected Volatility Because the Company’s common stock has only been publicly traded since late August 2017, there is not a substantive share price history to calculate volatility and, as such, the Company has elected to use the calculated value method.


Dividend Yield – The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires an expected dividend yield as an input. The Company has not issued common stock dividends in the past nor does the Company expect to issue common stock dividends in the future.


Forfeiture Rate – This is the estimated percentage of equity grants that are expected to be forfeited or cancelled on an annual basis before becoming fully vested. The Company estimates the forfeiture rate based on past turnover data, level of employee receiving the equity grant, and vesting terms, and revises the rate if subsequent information indicates that the actual number of instruments that will vest is likely to differ from the estimate. The cumulative effect on current and prior periods of a change in the estimated number of awards likely to vest is recognized in compensation cost in the period of the change.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 because of the relatively short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying amount reported for long-term debt approximates fair value as of September 30, 2018, given management’s evaluation of the instrument’s current rate compared to market rates of interest and other factors.


The determination of fair value is based upon the fair value framework established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value (listed from low to high):


Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2 Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.


Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.


The Company had a note receivable at December 31, 2017 and determined that $1,475,000 approximated its recorded value. The Company sold the note in February 2018 for proceeds of $1,400,000.


The Company’s goodwill and other intangible assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs.


The Company has concluded that its Series A Preferred Stock is a Level 3 financial instrument and that the fair value approximates the carrying value due to the proximity of the date of the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to independent third-parties. There were no changes in levels during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.


Concentrations of Credit Risk


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable are minimal due to the collection history and the nature of the Company’s client base. The Company limits its credit risk with respect to cash by maintaining cash balances with high-quality financial institutions. At times, the Company’s cash may exceed U.S. Federally insured limits, and as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $892,244 and $1,707,212, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents on deposit that exceeded the federally insured limit.


Earnings per Share


Basic earnings per share, or EPS, is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, except for periods of net loss for which no potentially dilutive securities are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options or warrants using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive securities issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock are calculated using the if-converted method.


The Company calculates basic and diluted earnings per common share using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are allocated to each class of common stock and participating security as if all of the net earnings for the period had been distributed. Participating securities consist of preferred stock that contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends and therefore are considered to participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders.


On August 28, 2017, the Company effected a 1.9339-to-1 stock exchange related to the Brekford Merger. The per share amounts for the quarterly financial statements of the Company show the effect of the exchange on earnings per share as if the exchange occurred at the beginning of 2017.


Segment Reporting


The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, requires that an enterprise report selected information about reportable segments in its financial reports issued to its stockholders. Based on its analysis of current operations, management has determined that the Company has only one operating segment, which is Novume. Management will continue to reevaluate its segment reporting as the Company grows and matures. However, the chief operating decision-makers currently use combined results to make operating and strategic decisions, and, therefore, the Company believes its entire operation is currently covered under a single reportable segment.


New Accounting Pronouncements


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


Not Yet Adopted


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of share-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with the accounting for employee share-based compensation. ASU 2018-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. We will adopt the provisions of this ASU in the first quarter of 2019. Adoption of the new standard is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.


In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying or adding certain disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. We are currently evaluating the effect that ASU 2018-13 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


In August 2017, the FASB issued new guidance related to accounting for hedging activities. This guidance expands strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, changes how many hedging relationships are presented in the financial statements and simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The standard will be effective for us beginning July 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any interim or annual period before the effective date. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial statements, including accounting policies, processes, and systems.


In May 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting. An entity will account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value of the modified award is the same as the original award, the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the original award and the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or liability instrument is the same as the original award. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The update is to be adopted prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this update but does not believe it will have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.


In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the update requires only a single-step quantitative test to identify and measure impairment based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. A qualitative assessment may still be completed first for an entity to determine if a quantitative impairment test is necessary. The update is effective for fiscal year 2021 and is to be adopted on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company will test goodwill for impairment within one year of the acquisition or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.


In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, as part of its simplification initiatives. The update requires that an entity recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, rather than deferring the recognition until the asset has been sold to an outside party as is required under current GAAP. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The new standard will require adoption on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU is a comprehensive new leases standard that amends various aspects of existing guidance for leases and requires additional disclosures about leasing arrangements. It will require companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases in the previous lease guidance. The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years; earlier adoption is permitted. In the financial statements in which the ASU is first applied, leases shall be measured and recognized at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented with an adjustment to equity. Practical expedients are available for election as a package and if applied consistently to all leases. An additional update was issued by FASB in January 2018 to ASC Topic 842.


The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and the related update on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.


In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments which requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.


There are currently no other accounting standards that have been issued, but not yet adopted, that will have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows upon adoption.


Recently Adopted


In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as a new Topic, ASC Topic 606, which supersedes existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and creates a single framework. Additional updates to ASC Topic 606 issued by the FASB in 2015 and 2016 include the following:


ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of the new guidance such that the new provisions will now be required for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.


ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations (reporting revenue gross versus net).


ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarifies the implementation guidance on identifying performance obligations and classifying licensing arrangements.


ASU No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies the implementation guidance in a number of other areas.


The underlying principle is to use a five-step analysis of transactions to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard permits the use of either a retrospective or modified retrospective application. ASU 2014-09 and ASU 2016-12 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.


On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related amendments (referred to collectively hereinafter as “Topic 606”) using the modified retrospective method. Novume has aggregated and reviewed all contracts at the date of initial application that are within the scope of Topic 606, excluding time-and-expense contracts at AOC Key Solutions and Global since Topic 606 does not have a material impact on time-and-expense contracts. The impact of adopting Topic 606 to the Company relate to: (1) a change to franchisee agreements recorded prior to 2017; and (2) the timing of certain contractual agreements, which the Company deemed as immaterial. Revenue recognition related to the Company’s other revenue streams will remain substantially unchanged (see Note 3 for the effects of adopting Topic 606).