• Filing Date: 2014-04-14
  • Form Type: 10-K
  • Description: Annual report
v2.4.0.8
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The terms “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “WMT” are used in this report to refer to Wound Management Technologies, Inc.   The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of WMT and its wholly-owned subsidiaries:  Wound Care Innovations, LLC a Nevada limited liability company (“WCI”); Resorbable Orthopedic Products, LLC, a Texas limited liability company (“Resorbable); and BioPharma Management Technologies, Inc., a Texas corporation (“BioPharma”). In June of 2013, the board of directors voted to dissolve BioPharma. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

USE OF ESTIMATES IN FINANCIAL STATEMENT PREPARATION

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  On a regular basis, management evaluates these estimates and assumptions.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND MARKETABLE SECURITIES

The Company considers all highly liquid debt investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  Marketable securities include investments with maturities greater than three months but less than one year.  For certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other accrued liabilities, and amounts due to related parties, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their short maturities.

LOSS PER SHARE

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification “ASC” Topic No. 260, “Earnings per Share,” which requires the Company to present basic and dilutive loss per share when the effect is dilutive. Basic loss per share is computed by dividing loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares available.  Diluted loss per share is computed similar to basic loss per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive.

REVENUE RECOGNITION

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the guidance in “ASC” Topic No. 605-45, “Revenue Recognition.”  Revenue is recorded on the gross basis, which includes handling and shipping, because the Company has risks and rewards as a principal in the transaction based on the following:  (a) the Company maintains inventory of the product, (b) the Company is responsible for order fulfillment, and (c) the Company establishes the price for the product.

ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

The Company establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts to ensure accounts receivable are not overstated due to uncollectibility. Bad debt reserves are maintained based on a variety of factors, including the length of time receivables are past due and a detailed review of certain individual customer accounts. If circumstances related to customers change, estimates of the recoverability of receivables would be further adjusted. The allowance for doubtful accounts at December 31, 2013 was $13,014 and the amount at December 31, 2012 was $234,727.

INVENTORIES

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with cost computed on a first-in, first-out basis.  Inventories consist of powders, gels and the related packaging supplies.  The allowance for obsolete and slow moving inventory had a balance of $114,404 and $82,410 at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

In 2012 furniture and fixtures, computer equipment and a phone system with a combined cost of $69,425 were written off as obsolete.  The assets had been fully depreciated as of December 31, 2011 and no gain or loss was recorded on the asset disposition.  As of December 31, 2012, fixed assets consisted of $16,430 invested in the Company websites.  As of December 31, 2013, fixed assets consisted of $46,321 including furniture and fixtures, computer equipment, phone equipment and the Company websites.  These assets are depreciated using the straight line method over their estimated useful lives ranging from 3 to 5 years. The depreciation expense recorded in 2013 was $632 and the depreciation expense recorded in 2012 was $0.  The balance of accumulated depreciation was $17,062 and $16,430 at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible assets as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 consisted of a patent acquired in 2009 with a historical cost of $510,310. The intangible asset is being amortized over its estimated useful life of 10 years using the straight line method.

IMPARIMENT OF LONG LIVED ASSETS

Long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles to be held and used by the Company are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company continuously evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets based on estimated future cash flows and the estimated liquidation value of such long-lived assets, and provides for impairment if such undiscounted cash flows are insufficient to recover the carrying amount of the long-lived assets. If impairment exists, an adjustment is made to write the asset down to its fair value, and a loss is recorded as the difference between the carrying value and fair value. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, undiscounted cash flows or internal and external appraisals, as applicable. Assets to be disposed of are carried at the lower of carrying value or estimated net realizable value. There was no impairment recorded during the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

As defined in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic No. 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price). The Company utilizes market data or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable.   ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1 measurement) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3 measurement).   This fair value measurement framework applies at both initial and subsequent measurement.

 

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy defined by ASC Topic No. 820 are as follows:

 

Level 1 – Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions for the asset or liability occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis. Level 1 primarily consists of financial instruments such as exchange-traded derivatives, marketable securities and listed equities.

 

Level 2 – Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets included in level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reported date. Level 2 includes those financial instruments that are valued using models or other valuation methodologies. These models are primarily industry-standard models that consider various assumptions, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value, volatility factors, and current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument, can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace. Instruments in this category generally include non-exchange-traded derivatives such as commodity swaps, interest rate swaps, options and collars.

 

Level 3 – Pricing inputs include significant inputs that are generally less observable from objective sources. These inputs may be used with internally developed methodologies that result in management’s best estimate of fair value.

 

At December 31, 2012, the Company’s financial instruments consist of the derivative liabilities related to stock purchase warrants and the beneficial conversion features of certain outstanding notes payable.  The derivative liability on stock purchase warrants was valued using the American Options Binomial Method, a Level 3 input.  The fair value of the beneficial conversion features is calculated in accordance with ASC Topic No. 470-20-25-4. The change in fair value of the derivative liabilities is classified in other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

At December 31, 2013, the Company’s financial instruments consist of the derivative liabilities related to stock purchase warrants and the conversion features of certain outstanding convertible notes payable.  The derivative liabilities related to stock purchase warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model and the derivative liabilities related to the conversion features in the outstanding convertible notes were valued using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model assuming maximum value. These are Level 3 inputs.

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value as December 31, 2013 and 2012.

 

Recurring Fair Value Measures   Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
                         
LIABILITIES:                        
     Derivative liabilities as of December 31, 2013   $ -     $ -     $ 1,040,850     $ 1,040,850  
     Derivative liabilities as of December 31, 2012   $ -     $ -     $ 1,336,574     $ 1,336,574  

 

DERIVATIVES

The Company entered into derivative financial instruments to manage its funding of current operations. Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss immediately.

INCOME TAXES

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method, whereby deferred income taxes are recorded for temporary differences between financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the tax rates expected to be in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. A valuation allowance is provided if it is more likely than not that some or all, of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

BENEFICIAL CONVERSION FEATURE OF CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE

The convertible feature of certain notes payable provides for a rate of conversion that is below the market value of the Company’s common stock. Such a feature is normally characterized as a "Beneficial Conversion Feature" ("BCF"). In accordance with ASC Topic No. 470-20-25-4, the intrinsic value of the embedded beneficial conversion feature present in a convertible instrument shall be recognized separately at issuance by allocating a portion of the debt equal to the intrinsic value of that feature to additional paid in capital.  When applicable, the Company records the estimated fair value of the BCF in the consolidated financial statements as a discount from the face amount of the notes. Such discounts are accreted to interest expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest method.

ADVERTISING EXPENSE

In accordance with ASC Topic No. 720-35-25-1, the Company recognizes advertising expenses the first time the advertising takes place.  Such costs are expensed immediately if such advertising is not expected to occur.

SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation to employees in accordance with FASB ASC 718. Stock-based compensation to employees is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite employee service period. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation to other than employees in accordance with FASB ASC 505-50. Equity instruments issued to other than employees are valued at the earlier of a commitment date or upon completion of the services, based on the fair value of the equity instruments and is recognized as expense over the service period. The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based payments using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for common stock options and warrants and the closing price of the Company’s common stock for common share issuances.

RECLASSIFICATIONS

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation.

RECENTLY ENACTED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

There were various accounting standards and interpretations issued during 2013 and 2012, none of which are expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, operations or cash flows.